Nobel Prize in Physics
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Swedish: Nobelpriset i fysik) is one of five Nobel Prizes awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to those who qualify. This is the most prestigious award given to a physicist.
It is celebrated every year on December 10, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death. The award of the Nobel Prize was based on his will.
Nobel Prize winners in physics
From 1901 to 2011, 192 people were awarded. So far, no one has been able to receive it six times, and in some years the award has been given to two or three people. According to statistics up to 2011, scientists from 21 countries have received the Nobel Prize in Physics, which countries; The United States (86 awards), Germany (23 awards), and the United Kingdom with (22) awards, with a significant difference compared to other countries, are ranked first to third in terms of the number of awards received, respectively.
The first Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded in 1901 to Wilhelm Roentgen for his discovery of X-rays. The youngest Nobel laureate in physics is Lawrence Bragg, who at the age of 25 and his father received the award for analyzing the crystal structure of matter using X-rays. The oldest Nobel laureate in physics is Raymond Davis, who won the prize at the age of 88 for identifying cosmic neutrons. John Bardin is the only physicist to have twice won the Nobel Prize in Physics (1956 and 1972). Interestingly, there are fathers and sons who have received this award, and this family relationship can only be seen in the field of physics. William Bragg and his son Lawrence Bragg (1915), Joseph John Thompson (1906) and his son George Paget Thompson (1937), Mane Sigban (1924) and son Kai Sigman (1981), Niels Bohr (1922) and His son Agha Boehr (1975) was the father and son of a physicist who has won the Nobel Prize. So far, only three women physicists have been among the winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics.
In Asia, scientists from Japan, India, China and Pakistan have received the award. On this continent, Chandraskara Raman from India first received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930, and then Hideki Yukawa from Japan in 1949. Mohammad Abdul Salam from Pakistan also won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1979. Among Asian countries, Japan ranks first with 9 awards.
List of physicists
Physics Robert Raznick, David Halliday, Kenneth S. Crane University Publishing Center, Tehran, 2005