Iran - Iraq war

Article

December 6, 2021

The Iran-Iraq War, or the Eight-Year War, also known in Iran as the Imposed War and the Holy Defense, is referred to in many Arab and some Western sources as the First Gulf War, which was called Saddam Hussein's Qadisiyah in Iraq during Saddam Hussein's reign. It was the longest conventional war in the twentieth century and the second longest war of the century after the Vietnam War, lasting nearly eight years. The war officially began on September 22, 1980. On this day, sporadic border clashes between the two countries turned into a full-scale war with the Iraqi Air Force simultaneously attacking ten Iranian military and civilian airports and invading the country on all borders, although Iraqi officials believed that the war had increased since September 4, 1980. It began on September 4, 1980, with Iranian artillery attacks on Iraqi border cities. This war finally ended after about 8 years in August 1988 with the acceptance of fire by both sides and after leaving one million casualties and $ 1190 billion in damage to the two countries. The exchange of prisoners of war between the two countries began in 1990. Iran handed over the last group of Iraqi prisoners of war to Iraq in 2002. Relations between Iran and Iraq were extremely strained from 1348 until before the war, and 104 conflicts and wars between Iran and Iraq took place before the Iranian revolution. Finally, in the 1975 Algerian agreement, Iran implicitly agreed to renounce its support for the Iraqi Kurds in exchange for resolving the Arvand River border disputes along the Talug line. As a result of the revolution in Iran and the events that followed, especially the purge of high-ranking army officers after the Nojeh coup, Saddam Hussein concluded that this time Iran would not be able to defend itself against his attacks and would conquer Tehran within a week. کرد. With these calculations, Iraq invaded Iran on September 22, 1980. At the beginning of the Iraq war, using the element of surprise, it succeeded in occupying parts of Iranian territory, including the city of Khorramshahr. In the second and third years of the war, Iran succeeded in liberating most of the occupied territories, including Khorramshahr, and dragged the war into Iraqi territory since 1984. In February 1986, Iran captured Faw, one of Iraq's most important oil export ports, and on January 8, 1987, it launched Operation Karbala V to capture Basra, Iraq's second largest city, with 65,000 Iranian troops and 20,000 Iraqis. they were killed. Iran halted the operation on February 26 and reached a stalemate on the southern front. After that, the war n

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