November 29, 2021

An encyclopedia is a comprehensive, concise collection of information that contains information about all branches of knowledge or a specific branch of knowledge. The word encyclopedia in Persian has an ancient history and ancient encyclopedias are written in Persian and the word encyclopedia is equivalent to the term Encyclopaedia, which is derived from the Greek term enkyklios paideia meaning comprehensive education, and basically on topics such as grammar and expression, grammar. Implies music, mathematics, philosophy, astronomy, and physical education. This concept led to the idea of ​​collecting advanced educational materials in a single work that describes the relationships and themes of various arts and sciences. In the distant past, attempts were made to produce works of this type, and in English Sir Thomas Elyot first used the term in 1531 in a work called Governor. He used a treatise on education. Encyclopedias should not be confused with dictionaries: While dictionaries deal with the meaning of each of their headwords, which is usually a word, encyclopedias contain information about their headwords. Of course, in some cases the border between the two is not clear. The website you are currently on is also an example of an encyclopedia, which is written and edited freely online and in public. Such encyclopedias are called "wiki". Other examples of wikis in Persian include Wiki Fiqh and Wiki Shia. For a list of important history encyclopedias, see the list of Persian encyclopedias and articles and the list of Persian encyclopedias.


The first encyclopedias were prepared for the purpose of continuous study by a single individual and were provided in a way that had the aspect of a textbook, and therefore differed from today's encyclopedia, which is mainly used as a reference and is the result of group work. Although Aristotle is sometimes referred to as the "father of the encyclopedia", it seems that the first encyclopedia was compiled by Seposipus (338 BC), the Greek philosopher and student of Plato, in the fourth century BC, of ​​which only fragments remain. The first Roman encyclopedist was the first-century scientist Marcus Trentiusovaro, who compiled an encyclopedia of the humanities entitled Ancient Divine and Human Works, including Grammar, Controversy, Rhetoric, Geometry, Arithmetic, Astronomy, Music, Medicine, and Architecture. . This work is also not left. Probability �

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