Secretary-General of the United Nations

Article

December 6, 2021

The Secretary-General of the United Nations is the Head of the Secretariat of the United Nations and is at its head. In practice, he is the spokesman and leader of the United Nations. The Secretary-General is the first international employee, and this is explicitly mentioned in Article 97 of the Charter as the top employee of the organization. The Secretary-General shall be elected by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council for a term of five years. His political and diplomatic role is very important.

How to select the Secretary General

The Secretary-General shall be elected by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council. The election of the Secretary-General requires the agreement of five permanent members of the Security Council and a unanimous vote on the core of the United Nations. There is no mention in the UN Charter of the term of office of the Secretary-General, but in practice it is five years, which can be renewed once. Unlike the United Nations, the United Nations has so far not selected any nationals from powerful countries, especially permanent members of the Security Council, as Secretary-General. Duties of the Secretary General Among the various duties of the Secretary-General, his political role (diplomatic role) is far more important than his other duties and powers. For example, the Secretary-General's role in resolving the Congo crisis, resolving part of the Arab-Israeli conflict, and re-establishing normal relations between Guinea and France in 1975 is noteworthy. It has a crisis.

Administrative duties of the Secretary General

Performs as the highest administrative official of the United Nations and the highest official in the administrative hierarchy of the Secretariat; Performing other duties assigned to him by the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council of other organs, and implementing the decisions of the various organs of the Organization. Expressing concern over the Secretary-General's duties is also the responsibility of the Secretary-General, with the exception of the International Court of Justice. The Secretary-General has a number of deputies of his choice. Each deputy is responsible for a part of the organization's activities (such as maintaining international peace and security, political issues of the Security Council, etc.) and for a subsidiary or European headquarters of the United Nations.

Political duties of the Secretary General

Execution of political decisions of the organization (in this regard, it has wide advantages in interpreting decisions); Play an important role in the Security Council, especially when reporting on current issues; Manage peacekeeping operations; Arranging international conferences; Mediation in resolving international disputes; According to the charter, the Security Council and the General Assembly will be informed in due course

INSERT INTO `wiki_article`(`id`, `article_id`, `title`, `article`, `img_url`) VALUES ('NULL()','دبیرکل_سازمان_ملل_متحد','Secretary-General of the United Nations','According to the charter, the Security Council and the General Assembly will be informed in due course','https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Flag_of_the_United_Nations.svg/langfa-1200px-Flag_of_the_United_Nations.svg.png')