Linguistics

Article

January 21, 2022

Linguistics is a science that studies language methodically. In fact, linguistics seeks to answer fundamental questions such as: "What is language?", "How does language function and what are its constituents?", "How do humans communicate with each other?", "Human language communicates with other animals. What is the difference? ”,“ How does a child learn to speak? ”,“ How did human language evolve? ”,“ How do languages ​​relate to each other? ”,“ What are the common features of world languages? ”,“ How does man write and in what way? "Analyzes (analyzes) written language?", "Why do languages ​​change?" … Answers. Linguistics in its new sense is a relatively new science that is more or less a hundred years old; But specialized studies of language date back to several centuries BC, when Panini formulated the rules for the Sanskrit language. In linguistics, various dimensions of language in the fields of grammar, syntax, phonology, phonology, semantics, application, discourse analysis, comparative historical linguistics, taxonomy, language as well as interdisciplinary fields such as language sociology, language psychology, language neurology, forensic linguistics, clinical linguistics , Analytical linguistics, educational linguistics, and language and logic are examined. Since language is a complex human and social phenomenon, it seems necessary to use other related sciences to study it comprehensively and accurately. In fact, the comprehensive study of language requires a multidimensional approach; Therefore, in addition to studying the descriptive and theoretical aspects of language, linguistics pays attention to the applied, psychological, anthropological, social, artistic, literary, philosophical and semiotic dimensions of language. In other words, it can be said that contemporary linguistics covers a very wide field of study that has attracted the attention of scholars and scientists in various fields with diverse scientific tastes. In this regard, studies such as the relationship and interaction between language and mind, language and cognition, language and philosophical approaches, language and intellect, language and logic, innate knowledge, first language learning, use of language and environment, language and law, language and Artificial intelligence, language and culture, language and society, language and human development, language and politics, language and thought, and other signs of communication can be considered subsets of linguistics. A linguist

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