Article

November 29, 2021

Rome (French: Rome) (Italian: Roma) is the capital of Italy, the largest and most populous city in the country with 2,879,728 inhabitants and also the center of the Lazio region. Rome is also the largest municipality in Italy with an area of ​​136,287 square kilometers. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is headquartered in Rome.

History

The date of Rome is usually considered to be from April 22, 753 BC, the traditional date of the founding of the city of Rome (which dates back to the beginning of history) to September 4, 476 AD, the date of the ouster of Romulus Augustus, the last emperor of Western Rome. These twelve centuries of history have been compiled into six volumes by Edward Gibbon, the 18th century English politician and most famous historian of Roman history, and Will Durant has devoted a 900-page volume to the history of his civilization. The history of Rome begins with legend. Enid, one of the survivors of the city of Troy in that legendary war, comes to what is now Italy. His descendants, Remus and Remulus, are thrown into the water by order of the king who killed the boys, but are nursed and raised by a female wolf. The two later founded the city of Rome on seven hills near the river Tiber. This myth is not empty of truth. The founders of Rome were people other than the natives of Italy, whose people and civilization are now known as the Etruscans. Scholars speculate that it was the Babylonian or Babylonian-inspired people who came to Rome and brought urbanization to the land. The Roman Senate was a regular player in all three terms. At first, after much conflict, the class differences between the aristocracy and the subordinate masses were removed and a republic was formed. The main sign of recognition of the power of the Roman Senate is the abbreviation SPQR, which means the Senate and the Roman people. The Romans, because of their regular army, were able to extend their territory from the plains around Rome (called Latium, the land of the Latin people) to all of Italy. The Romans clashed with the Carthaginian government over the island of Sicily, and after three major wars, the Carthaginian government was completely destroyed in 149 BC. During the Golden Age, between 27 BC and 192 AD, Rome was transformed from a brick city to a city of marble. All the important Roman writers and philosophers lived in this period and most of the stories of ancient Rome are related to this period. The kingdom of Commodus was the end of the golden age. After the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire, the city of R.

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