Mathematics

Article

January 21, 2022

Mathematics studies topics such as quantity (number theory), structure (algebra), space (geometry), and change (mathematical analysis). In fact, there is no one-size-fits-all definition of mathematics. Mathematicians are looking for patterns that can be used to formulate new conjectures; They show the correctness or incorrectness of conjectures by mathematical proof. When mathematical structures are good models of real-world phenomena, mathematical reasoning can provide predictions for nature. The science of mathematics was created using abstraction and logic from concepts such as counting, calculating, measuring, and systematically studying the shapes and movements of physical objects. Applied mathematics has existed as a human activity since man learned to write. The research needed to solve math problems can take years or even centuries. Strong arguments first appeared in ancient Greek mathematics; Especially due to the elements of Euclid. Since the research of Giuseppe Peano (1858–1932), David Hilbert (1862–1943), and others on the system of thematic principles in the late nineteenth century, the method of mathematician research has been to formulate mathematical facts from a selection of Gain thematic principles and definitions. The development of mathematics was relatively slow until the Renaissance, when mathematical innovations interacted with scientific discoveries, leading to a rapid increase in the rate of mathematical discoveries, and continue to this day. Mathematics in many fields, such as natural sciences, engineering, and medicine. Economics and social sciences are an essential science. Completely new branches of mathematics have emerged; Like game theory. Mathematicians do research in pure mathematics (the study of mathematics in order to discover as many of its own secrets as possible) without having any practical purpose in mind; While the practical applications of their findings are usually discovered later.

History

The history of mathematics can be seen as a series of increasing abstractions. The first abstraction feature common to many animals is probably the concept of number: understanding that a set of two apples and a set of two oranges (for example) have something in common, and that is the quantity of their number. As the evidence on calligraphy shows, prehistoric people could count physical objects and not the ability to count abstract objects such as day, season, and year.

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