November 29, 2021
The Slovene language or Slovenian language (Slovenian: slovenski jezik Slovenski jezik, or slovenščina slovenščina) is an Indo-European language from the South Slavic language family. Nearly 2 million people worldwide speak the language, most of whom live in Slovenia.
It is one of the few languages that retains dual grammatical counting from non-Indo-European languages. Also, these languages, along with Slovak, are languages whose word meaning is Slavic (slověnьskъ in ancient Slavonic). It is also one of the official languages of the European Union.
Like all Slavic languages, this language has its roots in the Neo-Slavic language from which the ancient Slavonic Church language emerged. The oldest manuscript in the Slavic languages, written in the Latin alphabet, dates from 972 to 1093 AD.
Slovenian literature first emerged as a group effort in the 16th century, when present-day Slovenia was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the language of choice was German. At that time, Slovene was the language of the masses. German was very dominant at the time, and many Germanists used German words. Also, some words, especially technical words, came from German to Slovenian, but mostly in broken form. Prior to the 1920s, some Slovenian scholars also used German as a foreign language.
The Illyrian and Pan-Slavic movements led to the borrowing of words from the Serbo-Croatian language, for example the author of the first Slovenian short story, Josip چیorچیi ((The Tenth Brother, published in 1866), used words from the language in his story.
During World War II, Slovenia was divided between Italy, Germany and Hungary, and the victors suppressed the Slovenian language. The Germans, in particular, used their propaganda to promise equal rights to the Slovenes if they knew German. After the war, Slovenia became part of Yugoslavia. Although Slovenian was one of the official languages of the federation, in practice Serbo-Croatian was the official language, and at this time a flood of Serbo-Croatian words flowed into Slovenian again. It was only after Slovenia's independence in 1991 that Slovenian became the official language throughout the country. Hence, the independence of Slovenia gave Johnny the Slovenian language again. With Slovenia joining the union