Spanish

Article

December 6, 2021

Spanish, Spanish (Spanish: español) or Castellano (Castellano), is a Roman language that originated in the Iberian Peninsula in Europe and is now a universal language with nearly 500 million native speakers (mostly in Spain and the Americas). Spanish is the second most spoken language in the world after Mandarin Chinese, and the fourth most spoken language in the world after English, Mandarin Chinese and Hindi. Spanish is a member of the Ibero-Roman language group of the Indo-European language family. The language was formed from several slang Latin dialects in Iberian after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the fifth century AD. The earliest Latin texts date back to Spanish in northern Iberia in the ninth century, and the first regular written use of the language occurred in Toledo, a prominent city in the Castile kingdom, in the thirteenth century. From 1492, the Spanish language was transmitted to the viceroys of the Spanish Empire, especially to the Americas, as well as to lands in Africa, Oceania, and the Philippines. Vocabulary and rhythm of Roman and Latin languages ​​found that Spanish is one of the closest Roman languages ​​to Latin (20% difference) and among these languages ​​only Sardinian (8% difference) and Italian (12% difference) are closer to Latin. About 75% of modern Spanish words come from Latin, which includes Latin words from ancient Greek. Spanish has been in contact with Arabic since the beginning, and due to the events of the Andalusian period, about 8% of its words have Arabic roots. Spanish is also influenced by Basque, Iberian, Celtic, Visigothic, and other neighboring Ibero-Roman languages. In addition, Spanish has absorbed words from other languages, especially other Roman languages ​​(French, Italian, Romance, Andalusian, Portuguese, Galician, Catalan, Occitan, and Sardinian) as well as Quechua, Nahuatl, and other Native American languages. It is one of the six official languages ​​of the United Nations and is used as an official language by the European Union, the Organization of American States, the Union of South American States, the Latin American and Caribbean Communities, the African Union and many other international organizations. Above the speakers, it is not prominent in scientific writing, although it functions better in the humanities. Approximately 75% of t

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