November 29, 2021
Indonesian (Indonesian: Bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.
It is a standard dialect of Malay that was officially defined in 1945 after the independence of Indonesia.
It is still very close to Malay and it can be said that speakers of these two languages can speak each other easily.
Although many parts of Indonesia have their own languages and dialects (such as Javanese, Sundanese, and Balinese), almost everyone in Indonesia is fluent.
Most formal education and almost all national media programs are in Indonesian.
Indonesian is also spoken by some East Timorians and Indonesian Surinamese.
Indonesian is written in Latin script. This line was originally based on the Dutch alphabet and still bears similarities. However, consonants are represented in a manner similar to the Italian alphabet. The Indonesian alphabet has 26 letters. The letters V, Q and X are found only in keywords.
Indonesian has been influenced by many languages, especially Dutch, English, Arabic, Chinese, Portuguese, Sanskrit, Tamil, Hindi, and Persian. According to estimates, in modern Indonesian there are about 750 Sanskrit words, 1,000 Arabic words, some of Persian and Hebrew origin, about 125 Portuguese, Spanish and Italian words, and 10,000 Dutch words. However, most Indonesian words are of Asturian origin.
A list of Indonesian words has been published by the Language Center of the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture, the number of words of which is as follows:
Wikipedia contributors, "Indonesian language," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?titleIndonesian_language&oldid184763167 (accessed January 17, 2008).