Article

November 29, 2021

English (English: pronunciation: / ˈɪŋɡlɪʃ /) is a natural language of the Indo-European language family of West Germanic languages, first spoken in England during the Anglo-Saxon era, and ancient English was formed. Later, after the invasion of Caesar and the Normans, Middle English was formed, and literary schools in English literature formed the first New English. The British Empire, by colonizing all continents and forming the world's largest empire, then the superpower of the United States and the simplicity of English grammar and the existence of many words; New English eventually became the world's mediating language and the most widely spoken language in the world. English evolved in England and the south-east of Scotland. Other Germanic languages ​​include German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish and Norwegian. Today, almost half of the English vocabulary and grammar consists of Germanic languages ​​and the other half of words and phrases, most of which have been translated into English from Latin, French, part of Greek, and other languages. Ancient English was very similar to ancient German; Because English speakers were mostly Germans who came to Britain from Germany, and in a way German can be considered the mother tongue of English. Due to the high role of Britain in the military, economic, scientific, political and cultural spheres of the world after the eighteenth century, and especially the United States since the twentieth century, English has spread worldwide and as an international language. , Mother tongue, second language, foreign language and mediation language is used in many countries of the world. English as a mother tongue in the Anglo-Saxon countries (England, USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand) and Ireland, South Africa, Ghana, Nigeria, Zimbabwe , Is used in Batswana and many other countries. It is also the second language of some countries such as India, Pakistan, Qatar, Bahrain, Sudan and so on. English is the most widely spoken and well-known language in the world, but according to the mother tongue countries, it is the third most spoken language in the world today, after Chinese and Spanish. There are more than 380 million native English speakers today, yet the number of non-native English speakers in the world is over 1 billion. English is the mediating language in many countries and the most important language in the world in politics, economics, industry, culture and science in international relations.

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