Persian Tajik

Article

November 29, 2021

Tajik Persian (форсӣи тоҷикӣ), also known as Tajik (آبانی توҷيکӣ) or Farroodi Persian, is a dialect of Dari Persian spoken in Central Asia, especially in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Tajik is the official language of Tajikistan, along with Persian in Iran and Dari in Afghanistan, one of the three official and standard Persian languages. Words from Russian and Uzbek languages ​​have entered Tajik Persian, and in addition, in some cases, Tajiks use words for some meanings and concepts that have a lower frequency for that meaning in Iran. For example, in Tajik Persian, "bat", "Korshab Perk"; To "footballer", "footballer"; To "green tea", "blue tea"; To "helicopter", "helicopter"; The "airport" is called "Khizgah" (the place where the plane takes off) and the "kettle" is called "Chayjush". However, Tajik Persian is easily understood by Iranians and Afghans. Tajik Persian has preserved many ancient elements in its vocabulary, pronunciation and grammar, some of which have emerged due to relative isolation in the mountains of Central Asia and have disappeared in other parts of the Persian language. Following the change of script in Tajikistan, the Tajik Persian language is written in the Cyrillic alphabet in which changes have been made, which is called the Tajik alphabet. In 1999, the Tajik parliament abolished the word "Persian" and declared the legal name of the language "Tajik".

Name

Until the nineteenth century, the Persian speakers of Afghanistan and Central Asia did not have a separate name for their language and called it "Persian". The word "Tajik" in Persian means foreign and foreign, which the Turkic speakers used to refer to Persian speakers (the word Tat is also from the same root) and hence the name was chosen for this Persian dialect. In 1989, with the growth Nationalism Among Tajiks, a law was passed declaring Tajik the language of the state. The law also equated Tajik with Persian, introduced the name of the language as Tajik Persian, and called for the re-use of the Persian script. In 1999, the word Persian was removed from the country's language law. [1]

Background

Start Date

Persian comes from the older Middle Persian (or Pahlavi) language, which also originated in ancient Persian. These two languages ​​originate from the ancient region of Pars (modern-day Fars province in southern Iran). Ancient Persian was the official language of the Achaemenid Empire, and its descendants, Middle Persian, were the official and religious language of the Sassanid Empire.

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