November 29, 2021
Tajik Persian (форсӣи тоҷикӣ), also known as Tajik (آبانی توҷيکӣ) or Farroodi Persian, is a dialect of Dari Persian spoken in Central Asia, especially in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Tajik is the official language of Tajikistan, along with Persian in Iran and Dari in Afghanistan, one of the three official and standard Persian languages. Words from Russian and Uzbek languages have entered Tajik Persian, and in addition, in some cases, Tajiks use words for some meanings and concepts that have a lower frequency for that meaning in Iran. For example, in Tajik Persian, "bat", "Korshab Perk"; To "footballer", "footballer"; To "green tea", "blue tea"; To "helicopter", "helicopter"; The "airport" is called "Khizgah" (the place where the plane takes off) and the "kettle" is called "Chayjush". However, Tajik Persian is easily understood by Iranians and Afghans. Tajik Persian has preserved many ancient elements in its vocabulary, pronunciation and grammar, some of which have emerged due to relative isolation in the mountains of Central Asia and have disappeared in other parts of the Persian language. Following the change of script in Tajikistan, the Tajik Persian language is written in the Cyrillic alphabet in which changes have been made, which is called the Tajik alphabet. In 1999, the Tajik parliament abolished the word "Persian" and declared the legal name of the language "Tajik".