Swedish language


November 29, 2021

Swedish (Swedish: svenska, pronunciation: [ɛsvɛn: ska] (hearing)) is an Indo-European language of the North Germanic branch spoken in Sweden and parts of Finland. Swedish is the main language of Sweden and one of the two official languages ​​of Finland. Swedish dates back to ancient Norse and bears many similarities to the language of other Scandinavian countries. The Swedish language, in particular, is very similar to Norwegian and Danish, and is more different from the Icelandic language.


Prior to the Vikings, the people of the Nordic region spoke the New Norse language. Ancient Norse was formed during the Viking Age and around 700 AD. During this period, Swedish was written in Rooney stones. From 1225 to 1526, the Old Swedish language course was registered. During this period, Swedish was first written in the Latin alphabet. In 1526 the Bible was translated into Swedish and the New Swedish period (nysvenska) began. In the 1900s, and after a few corrections in writing, the contemporary Swedish period began.


The first written document in the Neo-Norse language dates back to the 200th century. In the 700s AD, the Omelettes entered New York and changed the pronunciation of some vowels. Another change related to this period was the change in the pronunciation of some vowels to compound vowels. Changes in omelettes in the Neo-Norse period in contemporary Swedish can be seen in the combination of some words such as hand-händer (in Persian: دست, دستهها), fot-fötter (in Persian: پا ، پاها) and bok-böcker (in Persian: کتاب-کتابها) . The above changes in New Norse led to the formation of the ancient Norse language.

Ancient Norse

During the Norse period, the first Scandinavian dialect was formed, with three dialects: "Ancient East Norse" (in present-day Denmark and Sweden), "Ancient West Norse" (in Iceland and the Faroe Islands), and "Ancient Gothic" (on the island of Gotland in Sweden). ) Were formed. The ancient Rooney Norse alphabet was 8 letters shorter than the New Norse alphabet. For this reason, one letter was used to represent multiple phonemes. For example, the vowel u was also used to write o, y, and.. To solve this problem, some period letters were added. Simultaneously with Scandinavian Christianization, in the 1000th century, words such as kyrka (in Persian: Church), präst (in Persian: priest) and paradis (in Persian: Pardis) were added to ancient Norse.

Ancient Swedish

Dialect in the 1100s

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