Kazakh language

Article

November 29, 2021

Kazakh (Kazakh: Qazaq tili, қазақ тілі, قازاق ٴتىلى) is a language of the Turkish language family, which is also very close to the Kyrgyz language. This language is used by the Cossacks. This language is a branch of Qapchak Turkish languages ​​and is similar to Nogai and Kyrgyz, and especially Qaraqalpaqi. It is spoken in the Republic of Kazakhstan, in the Autonomous Region of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: لهле ازазақ аутономиялық облысы / İle Qazaq awtonomïyalıq oblısı) in Xinjiang, China, It is official. Kazakh is also spoken as a minority and ethnic language in these regions: 1,325,000 (Uzbekistan), 15,000 (Afghanistan), 150,000 (Turkmenistan), 120,000 (Mongolia), 100,000 (Turkey). ), 400,000 (Russia), 25,000 (scattered in Europe), and 7,000 (Iran - Golestan Province). Like other Turkish languages, Kazakh is an adverbial language and uses word-building and sentence-building vowels in harmony. In October 2017, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev ordered that the Latin alphabet be replaced by the Cyrillic alphabet by 2025. Geological distribution Kazakh speakers (mostly Cossacks) live in their vast land east of the Caspian Sea. The official language of Kazakhstan is about 10 million dialects (based on CIA information on the population and the proportional share of Kazakh dialects). There are over two million Cossacks in China, and according to the World Facts, the Cossacks are mostly in the Cossack Autonomous Region of Xinjiang.

Writing system

The oldest recorded writings are written in languages ​​close to Kazakh with the ancient Turkish alphabet; But it is not accepted among linguists that the Cossacks themselves used it directly. Nearly a thousand years ago, modern Kazakh was written in the Arabic alphabet until 1929, when Soviet writers proposed an alphabet based on Latin and then Cyrillic in 1940. In April 2017, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev proposed a strategy for organizing writing among Kazakh speakers on the grounds that "the Kazakh language and culture have been destroyed." Nazarbayev ordered the authors to design the Cossack Latin alphabet, which was created at the end of 2017. Thus, Kazakh Latin writing began in 2018. Prior to the proposal, more than one million people in Kazakhstan and Mongolia in Cyrillic-Latin �

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