November 29, 2021
Latin or Latin (latīnum) is a classical language belonging to the Italian branch of Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. With the rise of the Roman Republic, Latin became the main language in Italy and then throughout the western part of the Roman Empire. Latin is the ancestor of modern Roman languages in Europe and has introduced many words into other European languages such as English. In Latin, Latin (and ancient Greek) roots are used in theology, science, medicine, and law. Latin is the official language in the Holy See (Vatican City). By the end of the Roman Republic (75 BC), ancient Latin had become the standard classical Latin. Latin was a colloquial Latin dialect spoken at the same time and is mentioned in the inscriptions and works of satirists such as Pluto and Trentius and writers such as Petronius. Late Latin is a written language from the 3rd century. The colloquial form of Latin slang in the 6th to 9th centuries in Roman languages, such as Italian, Sardinian, Venti, Napoli, Sicilian, Piedmontese, Lombard, French, Franco-Provencal, Auxian, Corsi, Ladin, Friuli, Romance, Catalan / Valencian Aragonese, Spanish, Asturian, Galician and Portuguese developed. Medieval Latin was used as the literary language of Europe from the 9th century until the Renaissance. The language then evolved into modern Latin. Latin was the language of international communication and scientific education until the late eighteenth century, when it was replaced by indigenous languages (including Roman languages). Latin is the official language of the Holy See and Roman Catholic Church. Latin is a completely derivative language, with three genders, six or seven grammatical modes, five conjunctions, four types of verb conjugation, six tenses, three persons, three faces, two directions of verb, two or three forms, and two numbers. The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets, and finally from the Phoenician alphabet.