Latvian language

Article

November 29, 2021

Latvian or Latvian or Latvian (Latvian: latviešu valoda) is the official language of Latvia. 1.4 million people in Latvia and about 150,000 outside the country speak this language. Latvian is an Indo-European language and an eastern branch of the Baltic languages. Of the Baltic languages, only Latvian and a language close to Lithuanian remain. However, the change between the words of these two languages ​​makes the understanding of the speakers of these two languages ​​in relation to the language impossible.

History

Latvian is of interest to linguists because it retains an Indo-Indo-European language. The Baltic language family is thought to have formed the Balto-Slavic language after its separation from the Indo-Indo-European language with the Slavic language family, and by the 10th century BC the two language families had been separated. Between 400 and 600 AD, the Nabaltic language split into two eastern and western hemispheres. Changes between the Lithuanian and Latvian languages ​​began after 800 AD, during which time the former only language split into two dialects. These dialects were stable as far back as the 14th to 17th centuries AD. In the 16th century, Latvian emerged from the heart of Latgalian, and also incorporated Coronian, Semitic, and Cologne. All of these languages ​​belonged to the Baltic language family. The oldest known example of Latvian is ritual poetry from 1530, when the work was translated from the original German into Latvian. Latvian and politics Throughout Latvia's history, it has had tumultuous ties with Germany, Sweden, Russia, and Poland, and has always had multicultural figures. During the Soviet occupation of the land between 1940-1941 and then 1945-1991, the Russianization of that government had a profound effect on the Latvian language. During these two periods, nearly one-third of Latvians were deported or subjected to other harassment. The Soviet Union's large relocation of people from Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus to Latvia also reduced the number of Latvians from 80 percent in 1935 to 52 percent in 1989. Many of these nomads never made an effort to learn Latvian. Today, the number of people whose mother tongue is Latvian in this country reaches 60%. After the re-independence of Latvia in 1991, a new education policy on the Latvian language was introduced, and their first goal was to teach minority languages ​​in bilingual systems. Some researchers consider this action to be declining

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