Hungarian language


December 6, 2021

Hungarian (Hungarian: magyar nyelv) is a language in the Finno-Ugric language family and a branch of the Hungarian language and unrelated to other Indo-European languages. They live in lands that were part of the Kingdom of Hungary before World War I. The largest part of the group, with a population of 1.4 million, lives in Romania and the rest in Slovakia, Croatia, Serbia, Ukraine, Austria and Slovenia. In addition, nearly one million Hungarian languages ​​are scattered around the world.

Category and History

Hungarian is a member of the Uralic language family. The connection between Hungarian and other Uralic languages ​​was noticed in the 1670s, and the language family, then called Phino-Ogri, was founded in 1717. Hungarian, along with the Mansi and Khanty languages ​​of western Siberia (in the Khanty-Mansi region), has traditionally been assigned to the Ogri languages ​​branch of the Fino-Ogri group, although the validity of this group is no longer known. By adding Samui languages ​​to this language family, it was initially thought that the Finno-Ugric languages ​​(Fino-Ugric) were closer to each other than the branch of the Samoyed languages, but this is now in doubt. It is the result of regular ogri / ungri sound changes, and the fact that the East Slavs refer to the Hungarians as ogri / ogro seemed to confirm this. Also, the Latinized word Ongori (in Byzantine Greek: Οὔγγροι) is borrowed from the word Ghaz On-Ugur, meaning 10 tribes of Ugur. Ugur was the common name of the tribes that joined the Bulgarian Tribal Confederation and ruled the eastern parts of Hungary after the demolition. Phonetic link Countless sounds are associated between Hungarian and other Hungarian languages. For example, / a: / in ducts in certain situations corresponds to / o / in a household and also / h / in ducts in / x / in a household; The / z / channels at the end of the word are also related to the khanti letter / t / at the end. For example: ház [haːz] in Hungarian can be likened to khanti xot [xot] both meaning "home" and Hungarian száz [saːz] to khanti сot [sot] meaning "hundred". Distance between Hungarian languages And Finney is more, but they have a regular resemblance. The sound [f] in Hungarian in Finnish and Estonian is equal to the sound [p]: [k] in Hungarian corresponds to [k] in Finnish and Estonian before the front vowels: [h] ducts equal to [k]

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