Indian language


December 6, 2021

Hindi (Divanagari: हिन्दी), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Divanagari: मानक हिन्दी) is a Indo-Aryan language spoken in northern and central India. Hindi is in fact a standardized and Sanskrit version of the Hindu language, which itself is based on the Kahribuli dialect common in Delhi and the surrounding areas of northern India. Hindi is written in inscription and is one of the two official languages ​​of the Indian government alongside English. Hindi is also the official language of 9 states and 3 territories of the Union and one of the 22 planned languages ​​in the Republic of India. Hindi is the mediating language in the Indian subcontinent and to a lesser extent in other parts of India. Outside of India, many languages ​​are officially known as "Hindi" but are not related to the standard modern Hindi language discussed in this article and are instead referred to as other dialects of Indo-Aryan languages ​​such as Udi and Bojpuri. These include Fiji Hindi, which is official in Fiji, and Caribbean Hindi, which is spoken in Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, and Suriname. Apart from the formal vocabulary, Standard Hindi speakers have a mutual understanding of Standard Urdu speakers, which is another official form of Hindi. Hindi is the fourth most widely spoken native language in the world after Mandarin, Spanish and English. Besides Urdu, it is the third language in the world after Mandarin and English, based on the total number of speakers in the world.


The Indian word originally referred to the inhabitants of the Indus and Ganges plains. This name in Persian is derived from Hindi or Hindu in ancient Persian, which is derived from the Sanskrit word Sando (सिन्धु) meaning the Indus River. In the past, in Persian literature, the words Hindi (हिंदवी) or Hindu (हिंदुई) also mean "Hindi" They were used and can be found in the works of people like Amir Khosrow Dehlavi.


Hindi, like other Indo-Aryan languages, is a direct descendant of Vedic Sanskrit, which has passed into ancient Hindi and finally modern Hindi after the Saurasian and Apbermshah Shursini periods. After the arrival of Islamic rule in northern India, ancient Hindi received many words and phrases from Persian and Arabic, which led to the development of the Indo-Indian language. In the eighteenth century, a heavily Persianized version of Hindi emerged called Urdu. The growing importance of the Hindu language in colonial India and the Urdu-Muslim relationship led Hindus to the Sanskrit version of India.

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