November 29, 2021

Portuguese (português or completely língua portuguesa) is a Roman language that originated in the Iberian Peninsula of Europe. It is the only official language of Portugal, Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Sao Tome, Principe and Cape Verde, and is one of the official languages ​​of East Timor, Equatorial Guinea and Macau. A Portuguese-speaking person or nation is referred to as a "Portuguese-speaking" or "lusófono". The Portuguese cultural presence and the Creole languages ​​based on it are also found throughout the world as a result of the expansion of the Portuguese empire during the colonial period. Portuguese is a language of the Ibero-Roman branch that evolved from several slang Latin dialects in the medieval kingdom of Galicia and mainland Portugal and has significant Celtic vocabulary and phonetics. Portuguese with approximately 215 to 220 million native speakers and 50 million speakers The second language is spoken by a total of approximately 270 million people. It is the third largest European language in terms of the number of native speakers and the sixth largest in the world. Portuguese is the most widely spoken language in South America and the entire Southern Hemisphere, the second most widely spoken language in Latin America after Spanish, and one of the 10 most widely used languages ​​in Africa. It is also spoken in the European Union, the Common Market of South America, the Organization of American States, the Economic Community of West Africa, the African Union, and the Portuguese-speaking Community (an international organization of all Portuguese-speaking nations of the world). A comprehensive academic study in 1997 ranked Portuguese, especially the Brazilian species, as one of the 10 most influential languages ​​in the world. , Most Portuguese speakers are from outside Portugal and only 5% of them live in Portugal.


The word Portugal comes from the Roman-Celtic name of the city of Portus Cale. Today's Villa Nova de Gaia is located at the mouth of the Douro River in northern Portugal. The name of the city comes from the combination of the Latin word portus meaning port and the word kale, the origin of which is unknown. A major explanation is that Calais was another name for the Castro people, also known as Calais, Galaicia or Galaicia, who lived in northwestern Iberia. Calais and Kalaca Letters are the roots of Gaia in Villa Nova de Gaulia and Galicia. Some French scholars also suggest that Portugal may have used Portus Gallus to mean "port of the Gauls or Celts".

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