Czech language

Article

December 6, 2021

Czech or Czech (Czech: čeština, pronunciation: ِeینtina) is a Slavic language, along with Slovak, Polish, Pomeranian and Surabi from the Western Slavic branch. Czech is the language of the Czech Republic and Czechs around the world. Speakers estimate the language at 12 million. It is very close to Slovak and to a lesser extent Polish.

Name and History

The native name of this language "šeština" is derived from the Czech name of the Slavs. They settled in central Bohemia and allied with other neighboring Slavic groups under the command of the Pergamist dynasty. The origin of this name is not clear. According to a legend, the name is derived from Nia Chek - the one who brought this tribe to their land. The Czech language was developed from the pre-Slavic language around the first millennium BC. Czech and Slovak languages ​​ Czechoslovaks and Slovaks understand each other well, except for those born two decades ago who find it a little harder to understand each other. The reason for the ease of understanding these two languages ​​goes back to the history of Czechoslovakia, where before 1993, when the Czech Republic and Slovakia separated, the Czech and Slovak-speaking peoples were in daily contact, and national television and radio had understandable programs for both languages. Czech television programs are now easily understood, especially in the field of economic programs for Slovak speakers. The Slovak language is also familiar as a result of the migration of Slovak speakers to the Czech Republic. Morphology Like many other Slavic languages ​​(except ordinary letters in Bulgarian and Macedonian), words (especially nouns, adjectives and adjectives) have different forms in the Czech language. In this sense, the Slavic languages ​​and the Czech languages ​​are closer to their Indo-European origins than other languages ​​of this family. In addition, the morphological instructions of the words are highly irregular, and many words have formal, conversational, and semi-formal versions. It is possible to replace words in sentences in this language.

Phonology

The Czech language has 10 vowels, five short vowels and five long vowels. The short vowels are: / ɪ / which is represented by the letter y. / u / which is represented by the letter u. / ɛ / which is represented by the letter e (sometimes by ě). / a / (in the case of the open central vowel [ä]) which is represented by the letter a. / o / (in the middle middle back vowel [o̞]) which is indicated by the letter o. Long vowels: / i: / which is represented by the letters í and �

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