Inscription of Shapur I on the Kaaba of Zoroaster

Article

November 29, 2021

Inscription of Shapur I in the Kaaba of Zoroaster This inscription has been carved on the wall of the building of the Kaaba of Zoroaster in Naghsh-e Rostam in Marvdasht city of Fars province. The building of the Kaaba is in the form of a cube and inscriptions are written on its three sides in three languages: Middle Persian, Parthian and Greek. The Pahlavi script has 35 lines and is written on the east wall, the Parthian script has 30 lines on the western wall and the Greek script has 70 lines and is written on the south wall. Greek and Parthian scripts are less damaged than Pahlavi scripts. There is also more agreement in the Parthian and Greek scripts, and the two are different from the Pahlavi scripts. Shapur I probably wrote his articles for two secretaries, and each of them wrote the articles separately, which was later carved in stone, apparently the difference between the writings apparently originated from here. This inscription has these sections. 1. Introduction 2. Original text 3. The end of the inscription. Introduction: Includes introduction of Shapur I and mention of his lineage. Original text: It has several sections: mentioning the provinces of the country Description of Shapur's first campaign against Gardianus, the Roman emperor, and his disappearance, succeeding Philip the Arab, and accepting tribute Shapur's second campaign. In this section, Shapur enumerates the lands occupied by the Iranian corps. The third expedition and the capture of Valerian (Valerian) Caesar and the mention of the lands occupied by Iran. Mention of the establishment of fire temples that Shapur has erected in different places for his psyche or members of his family and the vows that he has made for these psyches for his psyche or the royal family or the nobles of the court. God has gained and the eastern border of Iran, which includes Kashgar Tashkent and the city of Merv, and has advised future generations to work in the work of God and charity. At the end of the writing of the party, the name of the secretary is also mentioned. The inscription of Shapur I in the Kaaba of Zoroaster is one of the most important Sassanid inscriptions in several respects. Its linguistic significance lies in the fact that this inscription is an old source for studying the structure of the Pahlavi language and the Parthian language. Historically, it describes the important events, and by studying it, we find to some extent the administrative organization and important positions of this period. In addition, mentioning a large number of special letters in this inscription adds to the treasure trove of special Iranian letters.

Inscription text

I am Mazdisan, Bagh Shapur, the king of Iran and Iran, who is the face (race) of God, Pour Mazdisan, Bagh Ardeshir, the king of Iran, who is the face of Izdanpour (grandson) of Babak Shah. God �

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