November 29, 2021

Sudan (Arabic: السودان) (English: Sudan) The official name of the Republic of Sudan (Arabic: Republic of the Sudan) (English: Republic of the Sudan) is a country in northeastern Africa and its capital is Khartoum. Sudan shares borders with Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, Central Africa to the southwest, South Sudan to the southeast, Ethiopia to the southeast, and Eritrea to the east. Red connects. Sudan has a population of 43 million and its currency is the Sudanese pound. More than 97% of the people of this country are Muslims. Prior to 2005, Arabic was the only official language of Sudan. In the 2005 constitution, Arabic and English were both declared official languages. It is the third largest country in Africa and the second largest country in the Arab world after Algeria. Sudan was the largest country in Africa and the largest in the Arab world until South Sudan seceded in 2011 following a referendum. The name of this country is derived from the Arabic phrase "Blood of Sudan", which means "land of blacks". Sudan gained independence from Britain in 1956. With the exception of a 10-year period between 1972 and 1983, Sudan has been plagued by political unrest and civil war since independence. The country is facing two civil wars and the Darfur war, and is facing issues such as ethnic cleansing and slavery. In the Corruption Perceptions Index, it is listed as one of the most corrupt countries in the world in terms of corruption and embezzlement. According to the Global Hunger Index released in 2013, Sudan is the fifth largest country in the world in terms of the extent of hunger and is in a state of alarm. Sudan is very rich in terms of antiquities, and there are at least 223 pyramids in this country, which is more than any other country in the world, including Egypt. Most of these pyramids belong to the Nubian pyramid complex


Sudan was conquered by the Egyptians in 1820 and 1821. In the 1880s, an Islamic leader claiming to be a Mahdist challenged the Egyptians. The followers of this person conquered Khartoum. In 1885, they assassinated General Charles George Gordon, the governor of Sudan, who had been appointed by the Egyptians, and established a religious government. Britain intervened, and since 1899 Sudan has been ruled jointly by Britain and Egypt. Nationalism in Sudan grew rapidly after World War I, but did not gain independence until 1956. Sudan gained its independence in 1956

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