طبرستان

Article

November 29, 2021

Tabarestan, Tabaristan, Tapurieh, Tapuristan or Tapuran (in Middle Persian:) was a part of the lands between the Alborz Mountains and the Caspian Sea. The name "Tabarestan" is derived from the word "Tapuristan" and goes back to the name of the Tapour tribe, one of the ancient Iranian tribes of Tabar, who lived in the south of the Caspian Sea and were named after Tabari Islam. In the Islamic era, the land of Tabarestan was adjacent to Deylam from the west and to Jorjan from the east, and included the cities of "Amol, Sariyeh, Mamtir, Taranjeh, Rabast, Mila, Hezargrib, Mehravan, Tamish, Tamar, Natil, Chals, Royan and Clare." Been; Although Tabarestan at the height of its power included Gorgan and Deylaman, Islamic historians such as Zakaria Qazvini in the works of Al-Balad and Akhbar al-Abad and Ibn Abdul Haq Baghdadi described Tabarestan as an area between Iraq and Khorasan, located along the Caspian Sea and villages and cities. Muhammad ibn Mahmud ibn Ahmad Tusi considered Tabarestan to be a climate that stretches from Iran to Jorjan and to the Caspian Sea to Taleghan and Hamzeh Esfahani, a historian of the third century, mentioned Deylam as part of Tabarestan. The land of Tabarestan in the late evening The Achaemenid period, especially in the time of Alexander, was under the administration of Satrap Tapur. After Alexander, it was under the administration of the Greek government of Balkh and the Parthians. The Sassanid administration came and Kavus Sassanid ruled Tabarestan for ten years as Petshakhvargarshah and after him the Zarmarshahis ruled Tabarestan until 642 AD. After the destruction of Iranshahr, it resisted the Arab invasion and the land of Tabarestan until the Abbasid caliphate by خاسانی ساس Anitbar was run under the name Dabwigan. After the conquest of the plains of Tabarestan, the mountainous areas continued to resist the Muslims, and the religion of Mazdisna had retained some of its followers until the end of the third century AH and the beginning of the fourth century AH. After this period, the preachers and propagandists of the Islamic religion of Zaydia penetrated among the people and gained followers through extensive propaganda and formed the Alawite government of Tabarestan in 250 AH, which led to many changes in the region. Rafi ibn Harthameh, one of Taheri's generals, succeeded in conquering Tabarestan, Deylam and Gilan in 277 AH, but due to the defeat of the Abbasid Caliphate, he lost his influence in Tabarestan, Deylam and Gilan, and Ahmad Samani succeeded in conquering Tabarestan in 287 AH. And for 14 years Tabarestan came under the influence of the Samanids and then Al

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