October 28, 2021

France (French: La France) Officially known as the French Republic (French: République française) is a country in Western Europe with many regions and territories beyond the seas. France is one of three countries with coastlines in both the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean (the other two being Spain and Morocco). Due to the shape of the map of this country, it has been called l’Hexagone (meaning: hexagon) in French. France has land borders with Andorra and Spain to the south, Italy, Switzerland and Germany to the east, and Luxembourg and Belgium to the south, and Monaco to the south. It also borders the UK via the English Channel. By area, France is the largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, as well as the third largest country in the whole of continental Europe. France has a population of over 65.65 million, making it the second most populous country in the European Union after Germany. The capital of France is the city of Paris. It is the largest city in the country and the main center of French trade and culture. The French Constitution was adopted by referendum on October 4, 1958. The law emphasizes the creation of a secular and democratic state in which the people exercise sovereignty. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which was drafted during the French Revolution and is considered one of the first historical documents in this field, reflects the beliefs of this country. After the end of the Middle Ages, France became one of the three superpowers in continental Europe. It had many colonized areas in the 19th and 20th centuries. Also, throughout its long history, France has become the most important breeding ground for many artists, thinkers and scientists in various fields, to the point that it is considered the center of the emergence and flourishing of modern world culture. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the French scientific, cultural, and artistic community, and thinkers from all over Europe, entered a period known as the Enlightenment, one of the most brilliant periods in human history in terms of intellectual and social achievement. . France has the fourth largest UNESCO World Heritage Site in the world. More than 83 million tourists visit this country every year. The country ranks first in terms of the number of tourists. [1] France is one of the most important and influential countries in the world in areas such as culture, basic sciences, industry and technology, art, system, economy and politics. It ranks fifth among other countries

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