A physicist is a scientist who studies physics. Physicists study many phenomena on a very large longitudinal scale. From the elementary particles that make up matter, to the galaxies and the universe, material existence as a whole, in cosmology.
Most of the material presented in the undergraduate course in physics is related to the achievements of physics about a century ago and earlier. Ibn Haytham's theory of light propagation was proposed around the 11th century, Newton's laws of motion and Newton's universal law of gravity in the 17th century, electromagnetism in the 19th century, and special relativity and quantum mechanics in the early 20th century. Undergraduate physics curricula typically include: classical mechanics, electromagnetism, general chemistry, thermodynamics, wave and optics, special relativity, modern physics, quantum mechanics, solid state physics, cosmology, and most recently elementary particle physics. Physics students also take many math courses in mathematical analysis and linear algebra, as well as many skills in programming and computational physics.
Most of the knowledge required for research is acquired in doctoral and master's courses. During these periods, students enter more specialized fields of physics.
Universities, public laboratories and private industries are the largest recruiters of physicists. Due to the vastness of what physics students have learned, many of them usually have the necessary skills to work successfully in other fields, especially in engineering, economics, and the financial sciences and computing.
Each year, many awards are given by various organizations and institutions to outstanding achievements in various fields of physics. The most prestigious award in physics is the Nobel Prize, awarded since 1901 by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Some famous physicists
Well-known physicists include Newton, Einstein, Archimedes, Kharazmi, Ibn Haytham, Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Rutherford, Planck, Marie Curie, Schrینdinger, Faraday, Fermi, Pauli, Ampere, Carno, Maxwell, Heisenberg, Heisenberg, Hertz , Hook, Tesla, Pascal, Bernoulli, Bohr, Dirac, Boltzmann, and Poincaré.
Women in Physics
The names of the most influential people of the twentieth century, selected by Time Magazine in 1999 Archived on November 22, 2008