The Netherlands or Nederland (Dutch: Nederland) is a small country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands in northwestern Europe with a population of 17.1 million, whose capital is Amsterdam, but located to decentralize many ministries and embassies in or around The Hague. have became. The Netherlands is the main European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden) which includes islands in Central America. The Netherlands borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and Britain to the west.
The port of Rotterdam is the second largest city in the Netherlands and is the largest port in Europe in terms of area and number of berths.
The country of tulips and the land of windmills is one of the most famous titles in the Netherlands.
Twenty-five percent of the Netherlands's land is below sea level, and 21 percent of the population lives in these areas.
About 50% of the land in the Netherlands is less than one meter above sea level. This is why the name of this country in Dutch Nederland means "lowland land" (Froboom) and the name that many other languages use for this country gives the same meaning. The Netherlands is called Niederlande in German, the Netherlands in English, Nizozemska in Croatian, Les Pays-Bas in French, Paesi Bassi in Italian, Alankomaat in Finnish, and Países Bajos in Spanish, all of which mean "lowland" in these languages.
The word Holland, which is used in Persian for this country, was originally the name of a region of this country (compare: Pars / Iran), which is used to refer to all countries. The word Holland in the Middle Dutch language was holtland and means "land of wood". The name "Netherlands" is also the name of one of the regions of the Netherlands.
The European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands is 41,543 square kilometers. The Netherlands is located between latitudes 50 ° and 54 ° N and longitudes 3 and 8 ° E.
The Netherlands is a very low and flat country, with about 26% of its area and 21% of its population living in areas below the high seas. About 50% of the Netherlands is just one meter above sea level.
Most of the European part of the country is flat, with the exception of some hills at the southeastern end of the country, and a hilly area in the center of the country. The highest hills located in the southeast are not more than 321 meters high.
Most of the submarine areas are created by the Dutch people, after digging the ground for the pool.