Prevention and treatment of Covid-19
So far, different types of coronaviruses have caused epidemics in humans. SARS coronavirus in 2003 led to acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), which killed more than 700 people in 17 countries. Coronavirus Mers became epidemic in the Middle East in 2012, 2015, and 2018 (and the resulting disease is called Middle East Respiratory Syndrome); The virus has killed more than 860 people so far. New coronavirus disease also led to the outbreak of coronavirus 2019-2020, which has killed hundreds of thousands of people. This article reviews methods for preventing and treating coronavirus infections (including the new coronavirus).
Different types of coronavirus can be transmitted from animals to humans as well as from humans to humans. There is no evidence that the new corona can be transmitted from pets to humans. Person-to-person transmission of the disease occurs through nasal and oral secretions containing the virus; These droplets usually fall off after a short distance, so the coronavirus does not have airborne particles. The World Health Organization's recommendations for preventing coronavirus infection are as follows:
Regular hand cleaning: Washing hands with soap and water or cleaning hands with alcohol-based disinfectants can kill the virus.
Keep a distance of others: Keeping a distance of at least 1 meter from others, especially those who cough or sneeze, reduces the possibility of transmitting the virus through nasal and oral droplets.
Avoid contact of hands with eyes, nose and mouth: If a person's hand becomes infected with the virus, hand contact with mucous membranes can lead to disease transmission, so hand contact with mucous membranes should be avoided.
Respiratory hygiene: Covering the mouth and nose during coughing or sneezing can prevent the spread of droplets containing the virus; Covering the mouth and nose at an angle inside the elbow is the recommended method. After coughing and sneezing, it is best to wash or disinfect the hands.
Seek medical attention if you have symptoms: These include fever, cough and sneezing, and breathing problems. However, if the person has only mild symptoms and does not have a history of traveling or living in places where the disease is prevalent (such as China in the case of the new coronavirus), it is best to stay home and follow good hygiene tips until complete recovery.
Precautions in dealing with animals or meat products: Those who b