November 29, 2021
The Japanese archipelago (Japanese: 日本, pronounced nipon or nihon in Persian) is an island nation in East Asia located in the Pacific Northwest. Japan is bordered by Russia to the north, the Sea of Japan to the west, China, North Korea, and South Korea. Japan is one of the world's major economic powers and the world's third largest economy in terms of GDP. Japan is a constitutional monarchy governed by the Japanese constitution. At the end of World War II, it lost all of its overseas possessions, including Korea, which at the time accounted for 4.5% of the country. Today, Japan's current area is reduced to 378,000 square kilometers (roughly equivalent to the northwestern state of Montana). With a population of about 126,476,000, Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world. Tokyo, the capital of Japan with a population of 13 million, is one of the largest and most expensive capitals in the world. The Japanese call their country "Nippon Coco", which means the origin of the sun. Archaeological studies date the human settlement to this country from the Late Paleolithic period. Japan is a mountainous country with most of its islands being volcanic and highly seismic, with statistics showing that about 1,500 earthquakes occur annually in Japan. Japan is a member of the United Nations, G4, G8 and APEC. Japan has the fifth largest defense budget in the world ($ 60 billion in 2011), the fourth largest exporter in the world ($ 767 billion in 2010) and the sixth largest importer ($ 639 billion in 2010). In World War I, Japan He was an ally and fought with the Allies in World War II. The end of World War II was very bitter for Japan, who, after a long war in the Pacific, finally surrendered unconditionally after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The outcome of this devastating war for Japan was so horrific that many analysts used the phrase "completely devastated." After the US occupation, Japan achieved significant economic growth with a sustained industrial development program and became one of the largest economies in the world as well as the second largest industrial power in the world. It is also one of the largest US allies and trading partners in Asia.