June 11th

Article

July 6, 2022

June 11 is the 162nd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (163rd day in a leap year). There are 203 days left in the year.

Name days

Finnish calendar: Immi, Impi Finnish-Swedish calendar: Hjördis orthodox calendar: Perttu Sami calendar: Biergá in older calendars: Barnabas, Bernhardus, Bertil, Immikki

Events

1184 BC – Trojan War: Troy fell (according to Eratosthenes' calculations). 1509 – King Henry VIII of England and Catherine of Aragon were married. 1534 – Jacques Cartier and crew conducted the first Catholic Mass celebrated in North America. 1554 – King Kustaa Vaasa founded a second diocese in Finland, whose episcopal seat was located in Vyborg. 1770 – Captain James Cook ran aground on the Great Barrier Reef. 1788 – Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov arrived in Alaska. 1898 – Spanish-American War: US warships sail for Cuba. 1901 - Britain annexed the Cook Islands to New Zealand. 1937 – Marshal Mikhail Tukhachevsky and seven Red Army generals were executed. 1940 - World War II: The British bombed Genoa and Turin. 1942 - World War II: The United States agreed to send loan aid ("Lend-Lease Program") to the Soviet Union. 1955 - The worst accident in motorsport happened at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. French driver Pierre Levegh and 83 spectators were killed and 120 injured. 1962 - Frank Morris, Clarence Anglin and John Anglin escaped from Alcatraz prison and disappeared without a trace. 1963 – Thích Quảng Đức committed self-immolation in Saigon. 1963 - US Civil Rights Movement: Alabama Governor George Wallace stood at the door of Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama in an attempt to prevent two black students from attending that school. However, he eventually stepped aside, ending the university's racial segregation policy. 1964 – Walter Seifert killed eight students, two teachers and himself in a Cologne primary school armed with a flamethrower and a club. 1994 – Vänrikki Mattias Flink killed seven people in Falun with an assault rifle he had stolen. 1998 - Compaq Computer acquires Digital Equipment Corporation for $9 billion. 2004 - Space exploration: The Cassini-Huygens spacecraft passed by Saturn's moon Phoebe at a distance of only a few thousand kilometers.

Born

1572 – Ben Jonson, English author (d. 1637) 1776 – John Constable, British painter (d. 1837) 1829 – Alfred Newton, English zoologist and ornithologist (d. 1907) 1842 – Carl von Linde, German engineer and industrialist (d. 1934) 1854 – Gideon Fontell, Finnish historian (d. 1938) 1855 – Alfred John North, Australian ornithologist (d. 1917) 1858 – Bertha Witting, Finnish-Swedish playwright (d. 1941) 1864 – Richard Strauss, German composer and conductor (Salome) (d. 1949) 1881 – Maggie Gripenberg, Finnish dancer (d. 1976) 1882 – Runar Eklund, Finnish architect (d. 1933) 1900 – Elli Ylimaa, Finnish actress (d. 1982) 1910 – Carmine Coppola, American flutist, composer and conductor (d. 1991) 1910 – Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French Oscar-winning explorer, inventor and scientist (Secrets of the Sea) (d. 1997) 1913 – Vince Lombardi, American football player and coach (d. 1970) 1913 – Veikko Vennamo, Finnish politician, founder of the Finnish Rural Party (d. 1997) 1915 – José Caballero, Spanish painter (d. 1919) 1920 – Mahendra, King of Nepal 1955–1972 (d. 1972) 1924 – Erkki Hervo, Finnish visual artist (d. 1994) 1925 – William Styron, American writer (Sophie's Choice) (d. 2006) 1926 – Yrjö Salovartio, Finnish managing director