January 13 is the 13th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 352 days remaining until the end of the year (353 in leap years).
On Christmas Day, Christmas peace ends. The Roman Catholic Church commemorates Knuut Saint on January 19, and the Churches of Sweden and Finland on January 13, 20 days after Christmas. In parts of Finland, children are touring as a continuation of the nutty tradition, collecting Christmas.
Finnish calendar: Nuutti
Finnish - Swedish calendar: Knut
Orthodox calendar: Jermi, Tarvo, Ele
calendar in the Sámi language: Nuvtte, Nuhtte
in older calendars: Agne, Hilarius, Kanutus, Condition
532 - The Nika riots begin in Constantinople.
888 - Count Odos of Paris becomes King of the Franks.
1785 - The first issue of the Daily Universal Register (known as The Times since January 1, 1788) is published.
1842 - Tri. William Brydon, a British surgeon in the first war between England and Afghanistan, was the only survivor of the 16,500-strong army in the Jalalabad garrison.
1898 - Émile Zola publishes an open letter to the President of France entitled J'accuse ("I blame").
1900 - Wilhelm II declares German to be the official command language of the German army.
1915 - An earthquake kills 29,800 people in an earthquake in the city of Avezzano in Abruzzo, Italy.
1930 - Mickey Mouse first appears in a comic.
1935 - In a referendum in Saarland, 90.3% of voters were in favor of annexing the region to Germany.
1938 - The Anglican Church adopts the doctrine of development.
1942 - Henry Ford patents a car made of plastic that is 30% lighter than a regular car.
1942 - The United States begins to forcibly deport the Japanese to the United States.
1953 - Marshal Josip Broz Tito is elected President of Yugoslavia.
1991 - Soviet forces attack those in favor of Lithuanian independence in Vilnius.
1992 - For the first time, Japan formally apologizes to the Republic of Korea for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II.
2001 - An earthquake kills more than 800 people in El Salvador.
2012 - Costa Concordia grounding.
1596 - Jan van Goyen, Dutch painter (d. 1656)
1635 - Philipp Jakob Spener, German Lutheran theologian (c. 1705)
1683 - Christoph Graupner, German composer and harpsichordist (c. 1760)
1832 - Horatio Alger, American writer (d. 1899)
1864 - Wilhelm Wien, German physicist winning the 1911 Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 1928)
1866 - Vasili Kalinnikov, Russian composer (d. 1901)
1887 - George Ivanovich Gurdjieff ("G. I. Gurdjieff"), Armenian-Greek mystic (d. 1949)
1893 - Clark Ashton Smith, American writer (b. 1961)
1898 - Kaj Munk, Danish writer (d. 1944)
1899 - Lev Kulešov, Russian film director and theorist (d. 1970)
1901 - Veikko Adolf Lindgren (“Veikko Linna”), Finnish actor (c. 1970)
1904 - Richard Addinsell, British composer (d. 1977)
1909 - Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch Communist (German parliamentarian) (c. 1934)
1915 - Lewis Byford Patten ("Lewis B. Patten"), American Western Writer (b. 1981)
1924 - Paul Feyerabend, Austrian-born philosopher of science (c. 1994)
1924 - Roland Petit, French dancer and choreographer (d. 2011)
1927 - Sydney Brenner, South African biologist, winner of the 2002 Nobel Prize in Medicine (d. 2019)
1928 - Pentti Salmi, Finnish sports commentator
1932 - Nils Brandt, Finnish actor (d. 1990)
1938 - William Bruce Davis (“William B. Davis”), Canadian actor (Secret Folders)
1938 - Paavo Heininen, Finnish composer and pianist
1938 - Shivkumar Sharma, Indian musician
1944 - L