October 14

Article

October 18, 2021

October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 78 days remaining until the end of the year.

Name days

Finnish calendar: Elsa, Else, Elsi Finnish-Swedish calendar: Elsa, Else, Ilse orthodox calendar: Nasari, Paraske, Eve calendar of the Sámi language: Elssá, Elsá in older calendars: Calixtus, Erica, Kalikstus, Manfred, ProbusOld almanacs have also had an additional winter day on October 14, as the year was once divided into two so that the winter half is considered to begin on October 14th. Correspondingly, April 14 has been marked as Summer Day.

Events

1066 - Battle of Hastings: In Senlac Hill, England, 11 km from Hastings, Wilhelm The Norman-occupying forces of the Conqueror defeated the army of King Harald Godwin, King of England. 1856 - The first Puijo tower is built. 1902 - Premiere of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's opera Servilia in St. Petersburg. 1915 - Bulgaria declares war on Serbia. 1920 - The Tartu Peace Treaty is signed between Finland and Soviet Russia. 1926 - A. A. Milne's children's book “Winnie-the-Pooh” is published. 1930 - President K. J. Ståhlberg and Mrs. Ester Ståhlberg were abducted close to their homes on Kulosaari in Helsinki and taken to Joensuu. 1939 - The Finnish delegation presents its counter-proposal, which was rejected by Moscow. 1939 - The Finnish government orders a complete mobilization, YH, ie additional exercises. 1939 - The German submarine U-47, captain Günther Prien, invades the British base Scapa Flow and torpedoes the battleship HMS Royal Oakin. 1943 - German General Alfred Jodl, who visited Finland, demanded that Finland fight alongside Germany until the end of the war. 1944 - World War II: War Marshal Erwin Rommel, involved in a conspiracy to overthrow Hitler, was allowed to choose between a public trial of fraud and certain death in front of a execution group, or honorable suicide. He chose the latter. 1944 - World War II: Athens is occupied by the English. 1944 - British members of the Supervisory Commission arrive in Helsinki. 1946 - The Allies approve the draft Paris Peace Agreement. Among other things, the reductions proposed by Finland to the peace agreement were not accepted. The signing of the agreement was postponed until 1947. 1947 - Aviation: Chuck Yeager is the first person in the world to exceed the speed of sound in a horizontal flight on a Bell X-1. 1953 - Qibya massacre on the Jordanian-controlled West Bank. 1957 - Yugoslavia is recognized by the German Democratic Republic. The Federal Republic of Germany severed diplomatic relations with Yugoslavia on 19 October. 1957 - Marita Lindahl was elected Miss World in London. 1959 - The Soviet Union invites its Chinese ambassador, Pavel Judin, home. 1962 - Cuba missile crisis begins: U-2 flight reveals the Soviet Union is building a missile base in Cuba. The whole world drifted to the brink of nuclear war. 1964 - Leonid Brezhnev becomes Secretary General of the NKP and leader of the Soviet Union; he ousted Nikita Khrushchev. 1964 - Martin Luther King, leader of the U.S. Civil Rights Movement, becomes the youngest Nobel Peace Prize winner. 1967 - Chancellor of Justice Jaakko Enäjärvi stated that the content of Reino Paasilinna's program Insurance Matters - Heart, presented on television in December 1966, was contrary to YLE's licensing terms, but considered that the matter did not warrant further action. The insurance company Tarmo had complained about the program because it had alleged that the treatment of customers at Tarmo was rude, even brutal. 1968 - Vietnam War: The U.S. Department of Defense announces that the U.S. Army and Marine Corps will send 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for a compulsory second term. 1972 - The SMP's internal crisis escalates with party representation

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