January 17th

Article

August 20, 2022

January 17 is the 17th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 348 days left in the year (349 in a leap year).

Name days

Finnish calendar: Toni, Anton, Antto, Anttoni Finnish-Swedish calendar: Anton, Tony, Antonia orthodox calendar: Anttoni, Toni Sami calendar: Ánton in older calendars: Antonius, Antti, Hyrkkö, Lowisa, Luisa

Events

1773 - Captain James Cook was the first to cross the Antarctic Circle. 1819 – Simón Bolívar declares Colombia a republic. 1852 – The United Kingdom recognized the independence of the Boer colonies in the Transvaal. 1899 – The United States takes over Wake Island in the Pacific Ocean. 1912 - Sir Robert Falcon Scott reached the South Pole one month after Roald Amundsen. 1917 - The United States bought the US Virgin Islands from Denmark for $25 million. 1929 – The cartoon character "Kippari-Kalle" appeared for the first time in a newspaper. 1941 - Kuomintang forces opened fire on Communist forces on Chiang Kai-shek's orders; The Chinese civil war started again during World War II. 1944 – The Battle of Monte Cassino began. 1945 – Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg disappeared in Hungary after being captured by Soviet forces. 1945 - World War II: Soviet forces occupy an almost completely destroyed Warsaw. 1945 – World War II: Nazis begin evacuating Auschwitz concentration camp due to approaching Soviet forces. 1946 – The UN Security Council held its first session. 1961 - US President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivered a televised farewell address to the American people three days before the end of his term. In the speech, he warned about the growing influence of the military industrial complex. 1966 – Palomares nuclear accident: A B-52 bomber collides with a KC-135 Stratotanker over Spain, dropping three 70 kiloton hydrogen bombs on Palomares fields and one into the sea. 1973 - Ferdinand Marcos became "President for Life" of the Philippines. 1973 – Parliament approved by 170-28 a special law, which extended the term of office of President Urho Kekkonen by four years from March 1, 1974. 1985 - British Telecom announced that it was phasing out its famous red telephone kiosks. 1987 – The God's Theater group threw excrement on the audience during theater days in Oulu. 1991 – The United States begins the Persian Gulf War against Iraq. 1991 – Harald V became King of Norway after the death of his father Olavi V. 1995 – A 7.3 Richter earthquake struck near Kobe, Japan. The earthquake caused extensive property damage and killed more than 6,000 people. 1996 – The Czech Republic applied for European Union membership. 1998 - Paula Jones accused President Bill Clinton of sexual harassment.

Born

1463 – Fredrik the Wise, Elector of Saxony 1486–1525 (d. 1525) 1504 – Pius V, Pope 1566–1572 (d. 1572) 1600 – Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish playwright and poet (d. 1681) 1706 – Benjamin Franklin, American author, physicist, inventor and diplomat (d. 1790) 1732 – Stanislaus II Poniatowski, King of Poland 1764–1795 (d. 1798) 1798 – Auguste Comte, French philosopher (the “father” of sociology) (d. 1857) 1820 – Anne Brontë, British author (resident of Wildfell Hall) (d. 1849) 1829 – Catherine Booth, British religious activist (d. 1890) 1860 - Anton Chekhov, Russian playwright (The Cherry Orchard) (d. 1904) 1863 – David Lloyd George, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1916–1922 (d. 1945) 1863 – Konstantin Stanislavski, Russian theater director and theorist (d. 1938) 1867 – Carl Laemmle, German-American film producer, co-founder of Universal Studios (d. 1939) 1872 – Henri Masson, French fencer (Olympic medalist) (d. 1963) 1885 – Juho August Holl