1806

Article

August 20, 2022

Events

January 1 - France abandons the revolutionary calendar and reverts to the Gregorian calendar. Isaac de Rivaz built the world's first internal combustion engine. The Electoral Principalities of Saxony and Bavaria were converted into Kingdoms. July 12 – Liechtenstein became independent. August 6 – The Holy Roman Empire was abolished. October 17 – Emperor Jacques I of Haiti is assassinated. November 21 – France declares a continental embargo (embargo) against Britain. December 11 – The Kingdom of Saxony is founded.¨ The short-lived Kingdom of Holland was founded. Napoleon's brother Louis Bonaparte became the ruler of the country. The Arc de Triomphe began to be built in Paris.

Born

January 1 – Salvatore Magnasco, Italian Catholic Archbishop (d. 1892) January 20 – Lungtok Gyatso, 9th Dalai Lama of Tibet (d. 1815) 27 January – Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish composer and violinist (d. 1826) February 1 – Joseph Dixon, Irish Catholic Archbishop (d. 1866) February 22 – Bror Emil Hildebrand, Swedish museum curator, historian and numismatist (d. 1884) February 22 – Antoine Wiertz, Belgian painter and sculptor (d. 1865) 6 March – Elizabeth Barrett Browning, British poet (d. 1861) March 11 – Carlo di Persano, Italian count, admiral and politician (d. 1883) March 14 – Wilhelm Vatke, German theologian (d. 1882) March 21 – Benito Juárez, President of Mexico 1861–1863 and 1867–1872 (d. 1872) April 3 – Ivan Kirejevski, Russian writer, philosopher and literary critic, one of the founders of Slavophilia (d. 1856) April 2 – Giacomo Antonelli, Italian cardinal (d. 1876) April 9 – Isambard Kingdom Brunel, English engineer (d. 1859) April 10 – Leonidas Polk, Confederate general in the American Civil War (d. 1864) April 11 – Thomas Joachim Legler, Norwegian painter and draftsman (d. 1873) April 15 – Alexander Duff, Scottish missionary (d. 1878) 15 April – Samuel Rayner, English painter (d. 1879) April 23 – Gustaf Henrik Mellin, Swedish-Finnish priest and writer (d. 1875) April 27 – Maria Christina, Queen of Spain, consort of Ferdinand VII and regent after his death (d. 1878) May 2 – Carl Emil Cedercreutz, Finnish senator and adviser to the Court of Appeal (d. 1869) May 12 – J. V. Snellman, Finnish philosopher, writer, newspaperman and statesman (d. 1881) May 16 – János Ranolder, Hungarian Catholic bishop (d. 1875) May 20 – John Stuart Mill, English philosopher and economist (d. 1873) May 23 – Fredrik Wilhelm Knoblock, Swedish ornithologist (d. 1874) June 27 – Augustus De Morgan, British mathematician (d. 1871) July 23 – Félix Arvers, French poet (d. 1850) July 23 – Eduard Marxsen, German composer and pianist (d. 1887 28 July – Aleksandr Ivanov, Russian painter (d. 1858) 12 August – Adolphe Granier de Cassagnac, French journalist, politician and historian (d. 1880) August 17 – Johann Kaspar Mertz, Hungarian composer and guitarist (d. 1856) September 13 – Joseph L. Hogg, American politician (d. 1862) October 3 – Oliver Cowdery, American Mormon religious leader (d. 1850) October 11 – Alexander Karađorđević, Prince of Serbia 1842–1858 (d. 1885) October 11 – Niels Kjærbølling, Danish architect (d. 1871) October 20 – George Newbold Lawrence, American businessman and ornithologist (d. 1895) October 25 – Max Stirner, German philosopher (d. 1856) November 2 – Henry Kellett, British vice-admiral and explorer (d. 1875) November 13