1923

Article

November 30, 2021

Events

January-March

January 1 - Forssa, Haaga and Valkeakoski were separated from the municipalities of Tammela, Huopalahti and Sääksmäki. Kouvola, which had been separated from Valkeala the previous year, became a township. Koijärvi was separated from Tammela as an independent municipality. January 6 - Finland's first public radio concert consisting of gramophone music was held in Helsinki. January 10 - Lithuania occupies and annexes the Memel region. January 11 - Occupation of the Ruhr: France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to continue paying its debts. January 27 - The first party days of the German National Socialist Party (NSDAP) begin in Munich. January 30 - President K. J. Ståhlberg appoints Risto Rytti, Master of Laws, as Governor of the Bank of Finland. Former CEO Otto Stenroth had been fired after he was guilty of currency speculation. February 5 - The first Salpausselä Games started in Lahti. February 19 - Composer Jean Sibelius conducts the premiere of his Sixth Symphony in Helsinki. February 23 - Parliament passed the Nature Conservation Act. March 3 - The first issue of the American magazine Time is published. March 9 - Vladimir Lenin receives a third illness that took him to bed and renders him speechless. He resigned from the Soviet Union. March 10 - Alfred Rosenberg becomes editor-in-chief of Völkischer Beobachter, the main supporter of the German National Socialist Party.

April-June

April 17 - More than 200 people lost their homes in a major fire in Varkaus. April 24 - The Irish Civil War ends. May 1 - Adolf Hitler and a group of his supporters organize an armed demonstration in Munich to disrupt the Socialist May Day celebrations. Police disarmed a number of guns. May 12 - The statue of J. V. Snellman was unveiled in front of the Bank of Finland in Helsinki. May 25 - Parliament approves the Aviation Act. May 26 - May 27 - The first 24-hour drive of Le Mans was held in France. June 9 - Military coup in Bulgaria. June 18 - Mount Etna erupts in Italy. 60,000 people were left homeless.

July-September

July 6 - The first constitution of the Soviet Union enters into force. July 20 - Pancho Villa assassinated. 24 July - Lausanne Treaty: Turkish borders agreed with Greece, Bulgaria and World War II winners. August 2 - US President Warren G. Harding dies in office, with Vice President Calvin Coolidge becoming the new president. August 3 - Acting President of Finland Minister of Justice Otto Åkesson, who served as interior minister, ordered the imprisonment of more than 200 leading Finnish communists, including all 27 members of the Socialist Labor Party. September 1 - The great earthquake in Guangzhou and the subsequent fires destroy Tokyo and Yokohama, killing 140,000 people. September 6 - Italy briefly occupies Corfu following the assassination of an Italian officer. The League of Nations protests. September 8 - Seven U.S. Navy fighters drove ashore in California due to a navigation error, killing 23 Navy soldiers. The incident became known as the Honda Point Disaster. September 13 - Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over Spanish leadership following a military coup.

October-December

October 29 - Kemal Atatürk declares the Republic of Turkey established. November 1 - Bruno Lucander establishes Finland's first airline, Aero O / Y (now Finnair). November 1 - Finland's first regular broadcasts begin in Tampere. November 8 - Beer coup: Adolf Hitler leads Nazis in failed coup

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