1942

Article

August 20, 2022

Events

January–March

January 1 − A permanent turnover tax law came into force in Finland, replacing the temporary law enacted in 1941. January 2 - Manila is captured by Japanese forces. British and Commonwealth forces retreated. January 2 - A total of 26 nations recognize the August 1941 Atlantic Declaration of the United States and Great Britain. At the same time, they committed not to conclude a separate peace with Germany or Japan. January 4 − The Academic Karjala Society, the Pellervo Society, the Union of Finnish Armed Forces and the Central Confederation of Finnish Trade Unions (SAK) founded the Suurtalkoot association to guide the voluntary work activities of citizens. General Edvard Hanell was elected chairman of the association. January 6 - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares the American war goal to be the destruction of National Socialism. January 7 – The Bataanniemi blockade began. January 11 - Japan declares war on the Netherlands and invades the Dutch East Indies. January 11 – The Japanese captured Kuala Lumpur. January 17 – 19 people died and more than 30 were injured in a collision between an express train and a freight train in Iitin Kausala. January 19 - The Japanese invade Burma. January 20 - Wannsee Conference in Berlin, where German agencies are informed of the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question." The meeting showed that genocide had become part of the official policy of the empire. The Final Solution led to the Holocaust, the genocide of the Jews. January 25 - Thailand declares war on the United States and Britain. January 26 - The first US troops arrived in Europe in Northern Ireland. January 26 - The state information agency forbade newspapers from criticizing the transfer of Finnish children to Sweden. February 3 - South Africa declares war on Japan, Finland, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. February 7 - In its mood report, the National Intelligence Service announced that the prolongation of the war and the deterioration of the food situation had caused war fatigue and general dissatisfaction among the citizens, the likes of which had not occurred during the Winter War. 11.–13. February – Channel Dash (also Unternehmen Cerberus): Kriegsmarine ships Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Prinz Eugen and a number of smaller ships returned to their ports in Germany from Brest via the English Channel. February 8 − The Red Army motiated 90,000 Germans in Demjansk. On February 21, the Germans finally managed to get out of the moat and repel the attacks of the Red Army. February 9 − Former President of the Republic, Doctor of Philosophy Lauri Kristian Relander died. He was buried at the Hietaniemi cemetery on February 13. February 14 − Minister of the Interior Toivo Horelli invited the Chairman of the Seamen's Union, Niilo Wälläri, to his speech and accused him of communicating with Great Britain, which had declared war on Finland. Horelli demanded that the Seamen's Union fire Wällär, which the Seamen's Union did not agree to. After this, the Central Confederation of Finnish Trade Unions (SAK) decided not to invite Wällär to its meetings. 15 February – British and Commonwealth forces surrender to the Japanese in Singapore. February 19 – Bombardment of Darwin: The Australian mainland is hit by the Japanese for the first time when over 200 planes attack Darwin. February 22 - Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur to withdraw from the Philippines after the collapse of US forces' defenses. February 22 - The Academic Karelian Society celebrated its 20th anniversary in Äänislinna (Petroskoi). February 23 - A Japanese I-boat fires 16 shells at an oil refinery in Santa Barbara, California. February 24 – The Turku Court of Appeal convicted the SDP opposition group, the so-called six, of preparing treason