1943

Article

May 28, 2022

Events

January-March

January 11 - The United States and Britain renounce their territorial claims in China. January 14 - US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt travels by air as the first US president. He met Winston Churchill in Casablanca, Morocco. January 18 - The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising begins. January 21 - Progressive Party MP, forest scientist and former prime minister A. K. Cajander dies. He was replaced by Professor Kalle Kauppi. January 23 - The British conquer Tripoli in North Africa. January 27 - The first U.S. self-inflicted airstrike on Germany, 50 planes bombed Wilhelmshaven. January 30 - Adolf Hitler removes Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy, and replaces Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz. January 31 - The film Katariina and the Count of Munkkiniemi, directed by Ossi Elstelä, premiered. Starring Leif Wager and Regina Linnanheimo. February 2 - The Battle of Stalingrad ends with the surrender of the 6th German Army. February 3 - A joint meeting of Finland's top political and military leadership was held at the headquarters in Mikkeli, in which it was stated that Finland had to try to get out of a loss-making war, but this had to be as safe as possible. In his introduction, Colonel Aladár Paasonen, the intelligence chief of the headquarters, stated that Germany would lose the Great War and that Finland should be satisfied if it survived the war even under the terms of the 1940 Moscow peace. February 9 - The United States declares Guadalcanal captured after a six-month battle. February 11 - Colonel Aladár Paasonen reported to the Parliamentary Committee on Foreign Affairs on the course of the war so far and the expected development. Many MPs accused Paaso of giving a realistic account of inciting defeat. February 14 - The Soviet Union liberates Rostov. February 15 - Risto Ryti was re-elected President of the Republic of Finland. The election was conducted by voters in 1937 and 1940. February 16 - The Soviet winter offensive conquers Kharkov again. February 18 - German propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels declares a “total war”. February 19 - Kasserine Gap Battle: Rommel's Africa Corps launches a counterattack against U.S. forces in Tunisia, the first major defeat for the United States. February 28 - Operation Gunnerside: Norwegian resistance attacks heavy water plant in Vemork. March 1 - Heinz Guderian is appointed Inspector of Armored Forces. March 2 - Battle of the Sea of ​​Bismarck: U.S. and Australian Air Forces destroy a Japanese replenishment convoy. Japan lost all eight transport vessels, four fighters and 2,890 men. March 5 - Professor Edwin Linkomies forms a new board. The patriotic people's movement was left out of the government and Henrik Ramsay replaced Rolf Witting as foreign minister. March 7 - The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union awards Joseph Stalin the title of Marshal of the Soviet Union. March 14 - The film Jesus and just got its premiere, directed by Risto Orko. The film was based on Armas J. Pulla's "And Poof!" said Soldier Ryhmy and "Be wise fool!" said the midget Group. March 14 - March 17 - A 581-man guerrilla unit headed by Major Jukka Puustinen destroys the Jeljärvi service base and railway station area of ​​the Russian 27th Division in the direction of Rukajärvi. The losses of the Finns during the trip were 32 people who fell and were taken prisoner. March 15 - The headquarters of the East Karelian Military Administration was transferred from Joensuu to Äänislinna. March 25 - A reception camp for Ingrian migrants was established in Hanko. Another camp in Peru