July 20th

Article

August 20, 2022

July 20 is the 201st day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (202nd day in a leap year). There are 164 days left in the year.

Name days

Finnish calendar: Marketta, Maarit, Reetta, Reeta, Maaret, Margareeta Finnish-Swedish calendar: Margareta, Margit, Marit, Margita, Meja, Greta, Gretel orthodox calendar: Elias, Eelis, Ilja Sámi calendar: Máret, Márgget, Magredá, Mággá in older calendars: Elias, Ihalempi, Joel, Margaretha, Margreta, Maritta, Marke

Events

1705 – A fire in Oulu almost completely destroyed the fourth district. 1810 – Colombia gained independence from Spain. 1866 - An Austrian fleet led by Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff defeated the Italians near the island of Vis in the Adriatic Sea. 1871 – British Columbia joined the Canadian Confederation as a province. 1877 – In the Turkish War, the Russians began the siege of Plevna. 1881 – Indian Wars: Sioux Indian leader Sitting Bull surrenders with the last of his fleeing troops to US forces at Fort Buford, Montana. 1899 – The first party meeting of the Social Democratic Party of Finland was held in Turku. 1906 – Finland's new electoral law was approved, which guaranteed universal and equal suffrage in the country, the first in the world. Finnish women were the first in Europe to get the right to vote. 1917 – The Corfu Declaration was signed by the Committee of Yugoslavia and the Kingdom of Serbia, enabling the creation of the post-World War I Kingdom of Yugoslavia. 1940 – Billboard magazine was the first to publish a list of the most popular music songs ("Music Popularity Chart"). 1944 - July 20th Conspiracy: Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt by Claus von Stauffenberg. 1951 - King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated after he attended Friday prayers in Jerusalem. 1969 - Space exploration: The Apollo program. The first moon flight was successful after Apollo 11 landed on the Moon ("The eagle has landed"). Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin became the first people to walk on the surface of the moon the next day. 1974 – Turkish troops invaded Cyprus. 1976 - Space exploration: The Viking program. Viking 1 successfully landed on the surface of Mars. 1982 - The Irish Republican Army (IRA) detonated two bombs in central London. Eight soldiers and seven horses were killed while 47 people were wounded. 1985 - Treasure hunters find the wreck of the Nuestra Señora de Atocha, a Spanish galleon that sank in 1622, 40 miles from Key West, Florida. Coins and silver worth 400 million dollars were recovered from the wreckage. 1992 – Václav Havel resigned as president of Czechoslovakia. 1999 - Space exploration: The Mercury program. The space capsule Liberty Bell 7, sunk on the Mercury 4 flight, was raised from the Atlantic Ocean. 1999 - President Jiang Zemin launched a violent campaign against Falun Gong practitioners in China. 2005 - At least 36 people are killed in riots between police and protesters against rising oil prices in Saana, Yemen. 2012 – 12 people were killed in the Aurora movie theater shooting in Colorado, USA.

Born

356 BC – Alexander the Great, Macedonian Greek king and soldier (d. 323 BC) 1304 – Francesco Petrarca, Italian poet and humanist (Sonnets to Laura) (d. 1374) 1519 – Innocent IX, Pope (d. 1591) 1766 – Lord Elgin, Scottish nobleman and diplomat (d. 1841) 1785 – Mahmud II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1808–1839) (d. 1839) 1804 – Richard Owen, British anatomist and paleontologist (d. 1892) 1811 – James Elgin, British civil servant, Governor General of Canada (1847–1854), Viceroy of India 1862–1863 (d. 1863) 1822 - Gregor Mendel, Austrian monk (the "father" of genetics) (d. 1884) 1847 – Max Lie