July 26th

Article

August 20, 2022

July 26 is the 207th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (208th day in a leap year). There are 158 days left in the year.

Name days

Finnish calendar: Martta Finnish-Swedish calendar: Marta orthodox calendar: Jorma, Jarmo, Paraske, Eeva Sami calendar: Mártá in older calendars: Anna, Gustav, Jesper, Kiuru, Martha, Märta

Events

1469 – Wars of the Roses: Battle of Edgecote Moor. 1533 – Atahualpa, the last ruler of the Inca Empire of Peru, was executed by the conquistadors. 1788 - New York ratified the United States Constitution and became the 11th state to join the United States. 1803 – The Surrey Iron Railway, claimed to be the world's first public railway, opened in South London. 1822 – Simón Bolívar and José de San Martín met in Guayaquil, Ecuador. 1847 – Liberia became the first African country to become independent. 1861 – American Civil War: George B. McClellan takes command of the Army of the Potomac after the disastrous First Battle of Bull Run for the Northern states. 1863 – American Civil War: Southern cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and his 360 volunteer soldiers are captured by Northern forces at Salineville, Ohio. 1875 – The Treasury of Finland was established. 1878 - In California, Wild West poet and outlaw "Black Bart" made his last escape when he stole a safe from a Wells Fargo wagon. An empty safe was later found with a mock poem inside. 1887 – L.L. Zamenhof published Unua Libro, the first description of Esperanto, in Russian under the title “Dr. Esperanto". 1908 - US Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte founded the "Office of the Chief Examiner", the predecessor of the FBI. 1919 – On July 25, 1919, K. J. Ståhlberg, elected president of the Republic of Finland, gave his solemn declaration in front of the parliament. 1936 – The Axis Powers decided to intervene in the Spanish Civil War. 1941 – World War II: In response to Japan's occupation of French Indochina, US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt orders the confiscation of all Japanese assets in the US. 1945 – The Potsdam Declaration was signed in Potsdam, Germany. 1945 – The results of the United Kingdom General Election are announced: Labor wins 48% of the vote and a majority of 146 seats in Parliament (the largest majority in post-war Britain), despite the popularity of Conservative Party leader Winston Churchill. 1947 - Cold War: US President Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Act into law and created the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the United States Department of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the National Security Council United States National Security Council). 1948 – André Marie became Prime Minister of France. 1948 - Executive Order 9981, signed by Harry S. Truman, ended racial segregation in the United States Armed Forces. 1953 - Fidel Castro led an unsuccessful attack on the Moncada military barracks. The incident gave its name to the 26th of July Movement, which in 1959 overthrew the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista and launched the Cuban Revolution. 1956 - Egypt's Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal. The Suez crisis begins at the end of October of the same year. 1958 - Space exploration: Explorer 4 was launched. 1958 - Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom confers the title of Prince of Wales on her eldest son, 9-year-old Prince Charles. 1963 – Space exploration: Syncom 2, the world's first geosynchronous satellite, was launched from Cape Canaveral on a Delta B rocket. 1966 - Speech by Lord Gardiner in the UK House of Commons