May 31st


July 6, 2022

May 31st is the 151st day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (152nd day in a leap year). There are 214 days left in the year.

Name days

Finnish calendar: Helka, Helga Finnish-Swedish calendar: Helge, Helga orthodox calendar: Erjo Sami calendar: Helgá in older calendars: Elli, Isabella, Petronella, Prosper


1279 BC – Ramses II as pharaoh of Egypt. 1678 – Lady Godiva's memorial procession through the city of Coventry begins. 1759 - The colony of Pennsylvania banned all theatrical performances. 1859 - The tower clock of the British Houses of Parliament began to show the time. 1889 – More than 2,200 people died in the Johnstown, Pennsylvania floods. 1895 - John Harvey Kellogg applied for a patent for cornflakes. 1900 – Peacekeepers from several countries arrived in China. 1900 – Boer War: British forces occupy Johannesburg under Lord Robert. 1902 – Second Boer War: the last Afrikaner resistance forces sign a peace treaty (Treaty of Vereeniging) with the British in Pretoria, ending the war and securing British rule in South Africa. 1908 – The Palomäki swimming facility was opened in Tampere. 1910 – The Union of South Africa was formed. 1911 – RMS Titanic was launched. 1916 – World War I: Battle of the Skagerrak ("Battle of Jutland"). The battle ended the next day. 1921 - Comedian Buster Keaton and actress Natalie Talmadge were married. 1942 – The Luftwaffe bombed Coventry, England. 1943 – The ENIAC computer development project was officially launched. ENIAC was the first fully electronic and general purpose computer. 1952 - Dwight D. Eisenhower resigned from active duty in the United States Army. 1961 – The Republic of South Africa was established. 1962 – The West Indies Federation was disbanded. 1962 - Holocaust organizer Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann was hanged in Ramla prison in Israel. 1974 – Syria and Israel sign a withdrawal agreement to end the Yom Kippur War. 1977 – The Trans-Alaska oil pipeline through Alaska was completed. 1997 – PTV4 stopped broadcasting. 2002 – Soccer: The 17th FIFA World Cup was held in Japan and South Korea from 31 May to 30 June. 2003 – Aviation: The last flight of Air France's Concorde aircraft. 2006 – The Swedish police seized The Pirate Bay's servers and the computers and other assets of several bystanders. 2009 – VR introduced bicycle carriages on the trains between Helsinki and Turku, increased the routes between Seinäjoki and Tampere and removed the Tikkurila stop from the night train from Kemijärvi to Helsinki.


1443 – Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of King Henry VII of England, supporter of literature, music and education (d. 1509) 1557 – Fyodor I, Czar of Russia (d. 1598) 1656 – Marin Marais, French composer (d. 1728) 1664 – Henrik Spåre, Swedish lieutenant colonel (d. 1747) 1744 – Richard Lovell Edgeworth, British politician, author and inventor (d. 1917) 1819 - Walter Whitman ("Walt Whitman"), American poet, essayist, journalist and humanist (Ruohoa) (d. 1892) 1847 – Nikolai Sjöman, Finnish lieutenant general, head of the Finnish Pilotage and Lighthouse Institute (d. 1912) 1857 – Pius XI, Pope (d. 1939) 1860 – Walter Sickert, British painter (d. 1942) 1865 – Ernst Löfström, Finnish general of the Russian army (d. 1937) 1869 – Hedvig Ståhlberg, Finnish teacher, first spouse of the President of the Republic of Finland K. J. Ståhlberg (d. 1917) 1872 – Charles Greeley Abbot, American astrophysicist and astronomer (d. 1973) 1883 – Paavo Hynninen, Finnish minister and ambassador (d. 1960) 1883 – Lauri Kristian Relander ("Reissu-Lasse"), President of the Republic of Finland 1925–