January 5 is the Fifth Day of the Year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 360 days remaining until the end of the year (361 in leap years).
Finnish calendar: Lea, Leea
Finnish-Swedish calendar: Lea, Lia
orthodox calendar: Pentti, Tauno, Sylvi
calendar in the Sámi language: Lejá
in older calendars: Hanna, Kristian, Laulikki, Simeon, Simo
1463 - Poet François Villon is expelled from Paris.
1477 - The last Duke of Burgundy, Charles Brave, is killed in the Battle of Nancy. Louis XI annexed Burgundy to France.
1895 - France's first Jewish officer, Alfred Dreyfus, is sentenced to life on a pirate island in a treason. The “case of Dreyfus”, widely regarded as a suicide, shook France for a long time.
1896 - An Austrian newspaper reports that Wilhelm Röntgen has discovered a new type of radiation, later known as X-rays.
1900 - Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.
1909 - Colombia recognizes Panama's independence.
1914 - Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a $ 5 minimum daily wage.
1917 - Denmark grants Iceland limited sovereignty.
1918 - Greece recognizes Finland's independence.
1919 - The German Workers' Party (DAP), the predecessor of the National Socialist Party, is founded.
1933 - Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins.
1940 - FM radio is introduced in the United States.
1940 - Winter War: 29 people are killed and 36 injured in the bombing of Mikkeli by the Soviet Air Force.
1945 - The Soviet Union recognizes the new pro-Soviet Polish government.
1956 - Elvis Presley records the “Heartbreak Hotel”.
1964 - Pope Paul VI meets the Greek Patriarch Athenagoras I in Jerusalem for the first meeting of Catholic and Orthodox Christian leaders since 1439.
1968 - Alexander Dubček takes power and the "Prague Spring" begins in Czechoslovakia.
1972 - Nasa publishes a plan to develop a space shuttle.
1973 - The GDR is recognized by the Netherlands.
1975 - The cargo ship Lake Illawarra hits the Tasman Bridge in Tasmania, killing 12 people.
1976 - Angola Civil War: The MPLA, the People's Front for Liberation in Angola, announces the occupation of FNLA headquarters by another party to the war.
1976 - In a Kingsmill massacre, gunmen stop a minibus and shoot ten passengers near the village of Kingsmill in Northern Ireland.
1984 - Richard Stallman begins developing GNU.
1991 - The Economic Union of Socialist Countries (SEV) is dissolved. The Soviet Union stopped its financial aid to Cuba.
2005 - The dwarf planet Eris is found in photographs taken on October 21, 2003.
2011 - The minesweeper Ostrobothnia set sail from Upinniemi on the Somali coast, where it was to take part in Operation Atalanta for three months.
2012 - Prosecutors demand the death sentences of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and two of his sons, as well as the imprisonment of eight members of Mubarak's close circle for crimes committed during Mubarak's tenure.
1548 - Francisco Suárez, Spanish theologian and philosopher (c. 1617)
1592 - Shah Jahan, ruler of the Mughal Empire of India (builder of the Taj Mahal) (c. 1666)
1762 - Constanze Mozart, wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (d. 1842)
1767 - Jean-Baptiste Say, French economist (d. 1832)
1846 - Rudolf Eucken, winner of the 1908 Nobel Prize in Literature (1926)
1874 - Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist awarded the 1944 Nobel Prize in Medicine (d. 1965)
1876 - Konrad Adenauer, German Chancellor 1949-63 (b. 1967)
1881 - David Hammond, American swimmer and water polo player (c. 19