October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 85 days remaining until the end of the year.
Finnish calendar: Pirkko, Pirjo, Piritta, Pirita, Pipsa, Birgitta
Finnish - Swedish calendar: Birgitta, Brita, Britta, Britt, Birgit
orthodox calendar: Sergei, Vaka
Sámi calendar: Birgget, Bikká
in older calendars: Bertha, Brigitta, Charitas, Demetrius
1391 - Birgitta, founder of the Birgitta Order, is proclaimed a saint.
1769 - English explorer James Cook discovers New Zealand.
1789 - The Battle of Laita Bridge in the War of Gustav III.
1908 - Bosnia and Herzegovina is annexed to Austria-Hungary.
1912 - The Helsinki Stock Exchange begins operations.
1913 - Ford introduces the conveyor belt.
1919 - The Dutch national airline KLM is founded. It is the oldest airline operating under its own name in the world.
1939 - The Republic Protection Act enters into force in Finland due to the threat of war.
1944 - Prisoners rise to resistance in the Auschwitz concentration camp.
1945 - Shintoism's status as the state religion of Japan is abolished.
1949 - The German Democratic Republic is founded.
1950 - Korean War: U.S. troops invade North Korea.
1959 - The reverse of the Moon is first seen after the Soviet Luna 3 spacecraft takes the first images from behind the Moon.
1981 - YLE's Teletext begins operations.
1986 - Dingo breaks down.
1988 - Piia Ristikankare disappeared in Piikkiö.
2001 - The war in Afghanistan begins with air strikes.
2005 - Nils Gustafsson, suspected of killing Lake Bodominj, is acquitted.
2006 - Ngerulmud became the capital of Palau.
2008 - The Swedish music streaming service Spotify is established.
1471 - Frederick I, King of Denmark and Norway (d. 1533)
1748 - Charles XIII, King of Sweden (d. 1818)
1841 - Nikola I Petrović-Njegoš, King of Montenegro (d. 1921)
1873 - Guss Mattsson, Finnish doctor of philosophy and author (Dear gentleman) (d. 1914)
1874 - Hugo Suolahti, Finnish politician, philologist and rector of the University of Helsinki (d. 1944)
1879 - Joel Emmanuel Hägglund (“Joe Hill”), American-Swedish songwriter and union activist (d. 1915)
1885 - Niels Bohr, a Danish physicist who won the 1922 Nobel Prize in Physics (Bohr's model) (d. 1962)
1900 - Heinrich Himmler, German officer (leader of the SS and Gestapo) (d. 1945)
1903 - Frank Testa, American track cyclist (d. 2000)
1907 - Keijo Alho, Finnish historian and economist (d. 1994)
1907 - John Haskell Gibbons (“Tex Gibbons”), American basketball player (b. 1984)
1909 - Anni Blomqvist, Finnish author (Maija of Myrskyluodon) (d. 1990)
1923 - Osmo Harkimo, Finnish filmmaker (d. 2007)
1926 - Ensio Itkonen, Finnish traffic teacher and traffic educator (d. 2010)
1928 - Lorna Wing, English psychiatrist and autism researcher (d. 2014)
1931 - Desmond Tutu, South African Bishop, winner of the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize
1934 - Ulrike Meinhof, German journalist and terrorist (b. 1976)
1939 - Pekka Kilkki, Finnish Professor of Forestry (d. 1990)
1939 - Harold Kroto, a 1996 British Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2016)
1943 - Oliver North, U.S. officer and political commentator
1946 - Hannu Kahakorpi, Finnish director
1947 - Jussi Helminen, Finnish actor
1951 - Enes Bilalović (“Enki Bilal”), a French cartoonist
1951 - John Mellencamp, American singer and songwriter
1952 - Vladimir Putin, Prime Minister of Russia 1999-2000, 2008-2012 and President 2000-2008, 2012-
1953 - Hector Samuel Juan Torres ("Tico Torres"), American drummer ("Bon Jovi")
1955 - Claudio Gugerotti, Italian Roman Catholic Archbishop