Ayman Al-Zawahiri

Article

August 20, 2022

Aiman ​​al-Zawahri (often also spelled Ayman al-Zawahiri, Arabic: ايمن الذواهري‎, 'Ayman aẓ-Ẓawāhirī; June 19, 1951, Giza, Egypt – July 31, 2022, Kabul, Afghanistan) was an Egyptian radical Islamist, considered terrorist organization as the main ideologist of al-Qaeda and one of the most dangerous terrorists in the last 25 years. Aiman ​​al-Zawahri has used several pseudonyms, such as Abu Muhammad, Abu Fatima, Muhammad Ibrahim, Abu Abdallah, Abu al-Mu'iz, The Doctor, The Teacher, Nur , Ustaz, Abu Mohammed, Abu Mohammed Nur al-Deen, Abdel Muaz and Dr. Ayman al Zawahiri. He was wanted by the FBI as a suspect in the 1998 bombings against US embassies in East Africa. In June 2011, the media reported that al-Zawahri became the leader of al-Qaeda, the emir, after the death of Osama bin Laden in a US military strike in Pakistan the previous month. Although he is considered very dangerous, he did not have the same charisma, and al-Qaeda is no longer the strong organization it used to be, but mostly a loose network. Al-Zawahri graduated as a doctor in 1974 from Cairo University and was an eye surgeon. He was one of the key figures in the assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in 1981. Al-Zawahiri was also one of the founders of al-Qaeda, along with Osama bin Laden and Abdallah Azzam, and served as bin Laden's second-in-command from 1988 to 2011. Al-Zawahri's family members were killed in a US airstrike on Kandahar in 2001. His grandfather was the 34th imam of Cairo's Al-Azhar Mosque, his father a professor of medicine. He was Osama bin Laden's spiritual doctor and advisor. In February 2012, he gave his support to the Syrian uprising. He was killed by AGM-114 Hellfire missiles that targeted an apartment owned by the head of the Haqqani network, Sirajuddin Haqqani, where Al-Zawahri was staying on July 31, 2022, by the United States.

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