Andy Warhol

Article

August 20, 2022

Andy Warhol (real name Andrew Warhola, August 6, 1928 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States - February 22, 1987 New York) was an American visual artist and filmmaker. Warhol began his career in the 1950s as an advertising illustrator. He was one of the pioneers of pop art, which became popular in the early 1960s, whose works, such as a series of screen-printed portraits of Marilyn Monroe's face, have become iconic works of pop art. From 1963, Warhol also gained fame as a maker of underground films, and in the 1970s he became a sought-after painter of celebrity portraits. The Factory studio founded by Warhol in New York was a well-known meeting place for artists and a symbol of the decadent lifestyle of the time. Warhol also founded Interview magazine and started his own television show in the late 1970s. Warhol was known not only for his art but also for his unusual appearance and his well-thought-out unusual public behavior. He was prolific until the end of his life. Warhol died in 1987 unexpectedly from complications of gallbladder surgery. The highest prices in contemporary art have been paid for many of his works, at most tens of millions of euros.

Background and early stages

Andy Warhol's parents Julia (Julija) and Andrew (Andri) were from the village of Mikova, located on the border of present-day Slovakia. They were Ruthenians by nationality. A few years after the wedding, Andri moved to Pittsburgh in the United States in the 1910s, and Julija followed him in 1921. Andrew Warhola was born in the industrial city of Pittsburgh on August 6, 1928. He had two older brothers. The family's home language was Ruthenian. The Warhols were devout Eastern Catholics, and Andy was also very religious throughout his life. Andrew Warhola Sr. worked for the Eichleay company, whose field was road and house construction, and later as a mixed laborer. Julia was a part-time cleaner and sold the crafts she made door to door. As a child, Andy was especially close to his mother, who taught Andy to draw. There were many children living in the neighborhood, but Andy was an artistic genius who enjoyed his own worlds, who was more comfortable in the company of girls than in boys' sports games. Andy was often sick as a child. The most serious illness was the dancing sickness he had at the age of eight. During his recovery, he had time to get to know popular culture, such as movies and cartoons. The illnesses left him with a lifelong rash. Andy's brother John took over the family finances when the family's father fell ill and died when Andy was a teenager. Dad had been optimistic about Andy's future, who was successful at school, and John later said that his father's death had had a very big impact on Andy. As a result of his father's death, mother Julia and Andy became even closer. Andy started studying drawing at the age of nine at the local Carnegie Museum's Saturday drawing classes. During his school years, he drew diligently and attracted the attention of his art teachers with his skills and unique style. He also went to the movies a lot, and he was interested in newspaper accident news. After high school, Andy continued his studies at Carnegie College of Technology, as its fine arts department was highly regarded. Because of the language difficulties, Andy had difficulties in theory studies, and the art teachers often did not understand his creative and quirky creations, which sometimes seemed like mere gibberish. Andy was expelled after the first year of study, but in the fall he was able to return to school thanks to the drawings he made in addition to his summer job. He put together his first exhibition of them and put it on display for the beginning of the fall semester. In his second year of study, Andy also became interested in dance and started attending symphony orchestra concerts. He was popular in his circle of friends as well as among his teachers, and or