Anglo-Saxon

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October 18, 2021

The Anglo-Saxons are Germanic peoples who have inhabited England since the early Middle Ages and originally spoke the language of ancient England. In English history, the term Anglo-Saxon time refers to the time from the migration to 1066, when Norman Wilhelm the Conqueror became King of England. Many of the modern British are descendants of the Anglo-Saxons, and the name still refers to the English-speaking peoples of today. The Anglo-Saxon population is based on developments that began in the 4th and 5th centuries, when Angels, Saxons and a few other Germanic tribes invaded the eastern and later south coasts of the British island in the vortex of international migration. They were native to northern Germany, the Netherlands, and Denmark. According to Beda Venerabilis, all Anglo-Saxons were descended from three Germanic tribes: Angels, Saxons, and Jews. Beda wrote that these nations moved from northern Germany to the British Isles in the 4th century at the invitation of the British ruler Vortigern. Vortigern asked them for help in the battle against the Picts and Scots, who made raids south of what is now Scotland. By the early 6th century, the seven Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of Wessex, Mercia, East Anglia, Northumbria, Sussex, Kent, and Essex had formed. In 829, the Wessex rose to a dominant position. The Celtic-speaking population eventually took over the British island, mainly Wales, the Cornwall Peninsula, Cumbria and most of Scotland. The newcomers made ancient English the dominant language of Britain. The Anglo-Saxons began converting to Christianity in the 6th century. In more recent times, English, based on Anglo-Saxon, Norman French, and Latin, displaced the Celtic languages ​​in Wales, Cornwall, Scotland, and Ireland, leaving only minor remnants. Sources

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