August 20, 2022

Antiquity, or ancient times, is an era especially in Greek and Roman history, around 800 BC. – 500 shares. Antiquity is the time of greatness of ancient Greece and Rome. The period has been considered significant because it has been considered that Western Civilization and society have their roots in that time. Among other things, many inventions, customs, values ​​and styles were either created by the ancient Greeks or Romans or adopted into Western culture through them. The Latin alphabet also originates from antiquity - the alphabet originating from the Phoenicians was modified by the Greeks and Romans into the so-called Latin alphabet, which is used in most Western countries, including Finland. Classical or classical culture usually refers specifically to the culture of antiquity. Antiquities is an interdisciplinary discipline that studies antiquity, which includes classical philology and classical archaeology, among others.

Greek Antiquity

Ancient Greece has been considered the cradle of European civilization. Greek culture was based in many respects on the heritage created by earlier high cultures, for example the Egyptians and Phoenicians.

Roman Antiquity

As the Roman Empire expanded, it began to dominate the ancient world. It not only created its own cultural forms (Christianity, Roman law, among other things), but also transmitted ancient Greek culture to the Middle Ages and modern times.

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Classical Greek philosophy was oriented above all to human reason, virtues, inquiry and the search for the foundations of things. It was based on Greek ideals, where the most important thing was the development of virtue and a good life in the Greek city-state, the polis. Greek philosophy laid the foundation for modern science and philosophy in many ways. There are clear unbroken lines from early Greek philosophy to early Islamic philosophy, medieval philosophy, the Renaissance, the Enlightenment, and the modern critical sciences.


The early stage of ancient literature up to the beginning of the Hellenistic period is characterized by a strong oral tradition and the fact that literature was largely intended to be performed. The earliest literature of antiquity and likewise the beginning of Western literature are represented by Homer's epics, which were written down relatively early after the development of the Greek alphabet, probably in the 7th century BC. Many great works were created during the Greek classical period (ca. 508–323 BC) and the Roman classical period (ca. 80 BC – 14 AD), which are still, along with Homeric literature, at the core of Western literary culture. Greek literature significantly influenced the creation of Roman literature.


Music had a central position in Greek culture, and some fragments of Greek music in musical notation have been preserved until modern times. Music played a central role in Greek education and boys were taught music from the age of six onwards. The main types of composition in antiquity were Doric, Phrygian and Lydian. Doric was a serious scale, Lydian soft and enjoyable, Phrygian passionate. Scales were played from top to bottom.


The history of ancient science is closely related to the history of ancient philosophy, because most sciences had not yet separated from philosophy at that time, but were read as part of it. The characteristic features of ancient science are institutionality, theoreticity combined with philosophical reflection, regardless of religions and mythologies.


In ancient culture, sports played a significant role. Playing sports was self-evident and a virtue for the Greeks. Immobility was considered a lack of civilization