Space station

Article

May 28, 2022

The space station is an artificial structure that allows man to live in space. The space station was invented by the Russian Konstantin Tsiolkovski in the early 1920s. The space station often has many parts and consists of modules. The space stations built so far have been located in the Earth's shallow orbits, ie 200 to 400 kilometers above sea level. So far, a single astronaut has been able to live in a space station for less than 2 years at a time. The space stations do not have high-thrust rockets, but several smaller rockets to adjust the ship's orbital height and position as needed. Space stations are the largest man-made spacecraft.

Space stations

(dates are when the stations were occupied) Saljut Space Stations (Soviet Union, 1971-1986) Saljut 1 (1971, 1 crew and 1 failed docking) Saljut 2 / Almaz (1973, broke soon after launch) Cosmos 557 (1973, fell to the ground 11 days after launch) Saljut 3 / Almaz (1974, 1 crew and 1 failed docking) Saljut 4 (1975, 2 crews) Saljut 5 / Almaz (1976-1977, 2 crews and 1 failed docking) Saljut 6 (1977-1981, 16 crews (5 long-term, 11 short-term and 1 failed docking)) Saljut 7 (1982–1986, 10 crews (6 long-term, 4 short-term and 1 failed docking) Skylab Space Station (USA, 1973–1974, 3 crews) Mir Space Station (Soviet Union / Russia, 1986–2000, 28 long-term crews) International space station (ISS) (United States, Russia, Japan, ESA, Canada, Brazil, Italy 2000-, 22 long-term crews (by now?)). was completed in May 2011. The Chinese space administration will test its national Tiangong space station on an unmanned flight starting on September 30, 2011. The Indian Space Agency has begun development work on its own space station.

Occupied space stations

Unmanned spacecraft maintenance vessels

Cargo ships currently in use

HTV - ISS space station maintenance vessel developed by JAXA of Japan. Progress - Service vessels for Saljut, Mir and ISS stations. The Progress was launched in the Soviet Union and has continued to be used by the Russian Space Agency. SpaceX Dragon - A private maintenance ship designed by SpaceX. The vessel began commercial traffic to the International Space Station in October 2012. Dragon is currently the only cargo ship capable of returning to the surface and thus returning to the ground e.g. test results and equipment to be repaired. The manned model of the capsule made an unmanned test flight to the station in the spring of 2019. Cygnus

Former service vessels

ATV - ISS spacecraft maintenance vessel carried out by ESA. The first flight took place in 2008. No new ATV flights are planned Space shuttle

Fiction and Science

A large number of imaginary space stations have become known in films since the 1920s and in television series since the 1950s, in the literature as early as the late 19th century. The Russian scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovski made the first scientific-technical description of the space station in the late 19th century.

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