January 19, 2022

Baku (Azerbaijani Bakı, Pers. بادکوبا, Bādkubā, Pers. باراکا, Bārāčā) is the capital of Azerbaijan. According to a 2017 survey, more than 4 million people live in the metropolitan area of ​​the city, of which just under 3 million live in the metropolitan area, but unofficial estimates put the number of residents at more than 5 million (due to refugees and migrants). Geography and climate Baku is located on the southern edge of the Apsheron Peninsula on the shores of the Caspian Sea. The mountains of the Caucasus extend to the base of the peninsula, but the peninsula itself is undulating terrain with sand dunes at the eastern tip. The Bakunlahti, protected by the archipelago, is the most protected natural harbor in the Caspian Sea. Situated on the shores of the Caspian Sea, Baku is 28 meters below the surface of the oceans, making it the lowest capital in the world. The climate in Baku is quite hot and dry. The hottest month is July, when the average high temperature is over 30 degrees. The coolest is January-February, with an average of +2 degrees. Rainfall in June-August is only a few millimeters a month, and at most in November it averages 30 mm.


According to some sources, the first records of Baku are in the Book of the Dead in ancient Egypt about 3,500 years before the beginning of time. The first written records date from 885. more permanently in 1806. The old town, surrounded by the Baku Wall, has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 2000. The surviving walls were built in the 12th century on a site that has been inhabited since Paleolithic times. The most famous building in the Old Town is the Virgin Tower, which may date back to the 6th and 5th centuries BC. Another notable old building is the Shirvanshah Palace, which rises from the 12th to the 15th century at the highest point of the old town. The Old Town also has numerous medieval mosques, caravans and spas. Baku University was founded in 1919.

The Finns of Baku

In the early 20th century, two thousand Finns lived in Baku in the oil industry. The church records of the Baku Lutheran Church have been preserved.


The first oil well in Baku was drilled in 1846, and since then the city's economy has revolved around oil and its refining. the worst polluted areas in the world. The soil is polluted by oil spills and herbicides and DDT used in cotton fields.


The city is served by Haidar Aliyev International Airport (IATA: GYD, ICAO: UBBB), located about 25 kilometers east of its center. Local transport is based on the metro and buses - trams have been abandoned but re-introduced.


Formula 1 races have been held in Baku since 2016. The track is built so that the best parts of the city can be seen along it. Baku has applied for the Olympics twice, in 2016 and 2020, but was unable to host either of the Olympics. The city has the highest league football club in the country, Bakili Baku.

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Elsewhere on this topic Images or other files from Baku on Wikimedia Commons

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