Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron (French: [ʁɔ̃manɥɛl makʁɔ̃]; born 21 December 1977 in Amiens, France) is a French politician and the 25th President of France. Macron took office as President of France on 14 May 2017. He is a pro-EU president and supports a joint EU defense force and eurozone reform. Macron distinguishes between patriotism (patriotism) and exclusionary nationalism. Macron advocates close international cooperation rather than national isolation, which is why he is described in both the media and the alternative media as a globalist. Macron was elected president for a second term in the spring of 2022. The incumbent president had not received an extension in France for more than 20 years.
Macron has been a government official, former investment banker, Deputy Secretary-General of President François Hollanden's staff, and French Minister of Economy and Economy from 2014 to 2016, when Macron drafted the “Macron Law” covering economic reforms, which was passed on August 6, 2015. Macron announced the formation of its own party (later renamed La Republicue En Marche!) And in November 2016, Macron announced its candidacy for the 2017 French presidential election. In the election, Macron was profiled as a center-liberal, opposed to far-left Jean-Luc Melenchon and right-wing Marine Le Pen, as well as a candidate outside the two ruling parties, the center-left Parti Socialist and center-right Les Republicains. advocated a comprehensive climate policy, the transition to a green economy and the abolition of the French wealth tax.
Background and studies
Born in Amiens, northern France, the father of Macron is a professor of neurology and a mother a doctor of medicine. The family was leftist. Macron initially attended a private Jesuit school but graduated from high school in Paris at the Lycée Henri-IV. Macron’s grandfather, George William Robertson, was a British man who fought in the Battle of Somme in World War I and settled in the area after the war. He married the local Suzanne Julia Amelie Leblond in 1919. Emmanuel Macron studied languages, social sciences and philosophy at the Université Paris-Nanterre. He worked as an assistant to the philosopher Paul Ricœur from 1999 to 2001. Macron graduated with a master's degree in 2001 from the Institut d'études politiques de Paris (Sciences Po). From 2002 to 2004, he studied at the École nationale d'administration (ENA) and completed his university dissertation on Niccolò Machiavelli.
Upon graduation, Macron joined the Interministerial Inspection and Control Body (IGF) (Inspection générale des finances). The IGF was led by Jacques Attali, a French economist and social theorist who had advised President François Mitterrand. Attali appointed Macron as deputy rapporteur for the bilateral commission to promote economic growth in France. On the recommendation of Attal, Macron was transferred to Rothschild & Cie, an investment bank owned by Rothschild & Co. Macron worked quickly at the Investment Bank from 2008 to 2012 and at Yleni Bank. Macron was a party when Nestlé acquired a subsidiary of Pfizer in 2012. Thanks to the acquisition, he became a millionaire.
In May 2012, Macron was appointed to the staff of President François Hollande as Deputy Secretary-General of the Élysée Palace. The French press soon began calling him “Élyséen Mozart,” as Macron is an award-winning pianist. Two years later, at the age of 36, he was appointed French Minister of Economy and Economy to replace Arnaud Montebourg. Economy