European People's Party

Article

July 6, 2022

The European People's Party (EPP) is a European party founded in 1976. It was founded by the Christian Democratic parties. Later, the party has expanded its membership to include conservative and center-right parties. The German Manfred Weber has been the chairman of the party since May 2022. The EPP has been the largest party in the European Parliament since 1999, the largest party in the European Council since 2002, and it is also clearly the largest party in the current European Commission. The President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission both come from the EPP. Many of the founding figures of the European Union came from the parties that later founded the EPP. Outside the EU, the EPP has a majority in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. The EPP has alternated with its center-left rival, the European Social Democratic Party, as Europe's largest party. source? The European People's Party is “Europe's center-right political family. It strives to create a Europe of values ​​that is close to the people, based on democracy, openness and responsibility, and prosperity that can be reached by promoting the social market economy." The European People's Party is the European wing of two global center-right networks: the International Democrat Union and the Centrist Democrat International.

History

Background

The birth of the Christian Democratic movement is related to the development of nation states and democracies. When national parties were born, it was natural that many parties in strongly Christian cultures took Christianity as the basis of their party. This was especially influenced by the fact that the opposing parties were anti-religious and aspiring to a socialist revolution. However, the position of the church and Christianity, the wars and the French Revolution had very different effects in different countries. The cooperation of the European Christian Democrats began after the First World War as a counterweight to the Communist International. The initiative for cooperation was made by the leader of the Italian People's Party, Catholic priest Luigi Sturzo. In 1921, a PPI delegation led by Alcide de Gasper met with the leadership of the German Center Party, which included e.g. Konrad Adenauer. In 1926, the International Secretariat of Democratic Parties Inspired by Christianity (French: Secretariat International des Partis Démocratiques d'Inspiration Chrétienne, SIPDIC) was established to prepare for cooperation.

Organization after World War II

In connection with the party conference of the French MRP, in 1945 I formed a loose cooperation network of national Christian democratic parties, organizations and individuals, Nouvelles Équipes Internationales, or NEI. In large Western European countries, the center-right organized themselves under common umbrella parties after the Second World War. Along with the Christian Democratic parties, a few large parties were formed (e.g. the German CDU, the French UMP, the Spanish People's Party and the Italian Christian Democratic Party), which also gathered conservatives, liberals and other center-right groups around the Christian Democrats. The background was often the need to prevent the rise of socialists to power. The European Coal and Steel Community was founded on the initiative of Christian Democratic leaders, whose resolution in 1953 enabled the formation of political groups. NEI established a Christian Democratic group in the ECSC General Assembly. In 1961, NEI founded the World Union of Christian Democrats (WUCD). In 1982 WUCD adopted the name Christian Democrat International and in 1999 the current name Centrist Democrat International.