Glasgow Climate Summit 2021

Article

November 30, 2021

The Glasgow 2021 Conference on the Parties (COP26) was a conference organized by the United Nations to bring together the signatories to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change to review their climate policies. It began on October 31, 2021, and ended on November 13, 2021. The meeting was attended by an estimated 25,000 people on site.

Background

The Glasgow climate summit was the 26th time the parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change met. The previous conference was in Madrid in 2019. The Glasgow meeting was scheduled to take place as early as 2020, but was postponed due to the corona pandemic. these measures were 2.7 degrees by the end of the century, when the Treaty of Paris sought to limit it to a maximum of 1.5 degrees.

Declarations

In his speech on the second day of the meeting, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that India plans to achieve net zero emissions by 2070. Likewise, on the second day of the meeting, leaders of more than a hundred countries promised to end global deforestation by 2030. The project will receive € 19.2 billion in public and private funding. Finland is also involved in the commitment. On the same day, more than 80 countries also pledged to reduce their methane emissions by 30% from 2020 levels by 2030, including the United States and European Union member states.

Result

At the end of the meeting, a document was adopted stating, among other things, that the countries should review their emission reductions as early as next year, and not in five years' time, as would have been the case under the Paris Agreement. In addition, fossil fuels were first mentioned in the COP outcome document, poorer countries were promised more financial support to adapt to climate change, India was the world's third largest polluter by 2070 and China and the US agreed to work hard to combat climate change. Attention was drawn, for example, to India, which in the final stages watered down the wording of the document from "abandoning coal" to "reducing the use of coal". Poor countries were dissatisfied with the fact that rich countries still did not promise enough concrete help to compensate poor countries for the losses and damages caused by climate change.

Sources

Elsewhere on this topic Meeting website photos or other files on the Glasgow climate summit 2021 on Wikimedia Commons

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